The first draft Emirati text, on Monday, sparked an outcry for failing to call for an exit from fossil fuels, the combustion of which since the 19th century is largely responsible for the current rise in global temperatures of 1. 2°C, compared to the pre-industrial era.
We are making progress, John Kerry, the US climate envoy, declared on Tuesday evening, heading towards yet another consultation. Good progress is being made, said Australian Climate Minister Chris Bowen.
Around 130 countries (European Union, island states, United States, Brazil, etc.) demanded an ambitious text sending a clear signal to initiate decline fossil fuels.
To date, only the reduction of coal had been recorded at COP26 in Glasgow. Oil and gas had never been designated.
In the Emirates' draft agreement there is recognition of the role played by transition energies, referring to gas, in ensuring the energy security of developing countries , where nearly 800 million people lack access to electricity.
The text contains multiple energy-related calls: tripling renewable energy capacity and doubling the rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030; accelerate zero-carbon and low-carbon technologies, including nuclear power, low-carbon hydrogen, and the nascent carbon capture and storage, championed by oil-producing countries to be able to continue pumping hydrocarbons.
Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq were on a hard line, refusing any agreement tackling energy fossils which make them rich.
Since a conference in Doha, Kuwaiti Oil Minister Saad al-Barrak denounced on Tuesday an aggressive attack by the West.
Some of the countries most in favor of an oil exit have signaled that they are prepared to sacrifice the term, in exchange for an oil exit. significant commitments.