A person arrives at COP28 wearing a sweater on which the following message can be read in English: gradually eliminate [ fossil fuels] or get out.
But the hope of adopting a historic text calling for an exit from oil, gas and coal on the 8th anniversary of the Paris Agreement now seems very unlikely.
How can we remove the objection of the Gulf countries, any decision at the COP being made by consensus?
Since a conference in Doha, Kuwaiti Oil Minister Saad al-Barrak denounced an aggressive attack by the West. His Iraqi counterpart, Hayan Abdel-Ghani, judges that fossil fuels will remain the main source of energy in the world.
Some of the countries those most in favor of an exit from oil, for their part, signaled that they were ready to sacrifice this word, in exchange for significant commitments.
I am not married to a word but I insist that the meaning of this formulation, whatever it ultimately is, must be extremely ambitious, Danish Climate Minister Dan Jørgensen said on Tuesday. /p>
Canadian Steven Guilbeault also mentioned during the night other formulations that have been proposed that we would be very interested in looking at.< /p>
A formulation appearing in drafts of previous texts brought together, for example, the development of renewables and the replacement of fossils in the same sentence.
A turn of phrase echoing a joint statement in November between China and the United States, the world's top two emitters.
China has not made an official comment since the latest text was published Monday evening, but it is not seen as an obstacle on the path to compromise.
I wouldn't say that China is fighting with us, but we are not fighting China, summarizes a Western negotiator.
Another issue pushed by many less developed countries: proposing in the text differentiated trajectories for the transition of countries, according to their means.
We can obviously accept that there are editorials which remind us that we do not all start from the same point, that it is probably the developed countries, the countries which have the means which must be the first to make efforts, suggests French Minister Agnès Pannier-Runacher.
The two must be intrinsically linked, said Arlette Soudan-Nonault , Minister of the Environment of Congo.