You can use these measures to reduce your risk of stroke

September 13, 2021 by archyde

Over a quarter of a million people in Germany suffer a stroke every year. The risk of illness can be reduced with a few changes in behavior.

Around 270,000 people in Germany suffer a stroke, also known as apoplexy or brain insult, every year – many die of cardiovascular disease. The personal stroke risk can be reduced with a healthy lifestyle.

A stroke leads to a “sudden” circulatory disturbance and thus to an undersupply of the brain. According to the German Stroke Foundation, around 80 percent of strokes are caused by a blood clot blocking a vessel in the brain. Such a clot can originate in the brain itself or it can be carried to the brain via the blood from another part of the body. It is also possible that the stroke is triggered by calcification of the vessels in the brain vessels (arteriosclerosis). If a vascular occlusion is the cause, doctors speak of one ischemic stroke or Stroke.

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Difference between cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage

Another common form of stroke is that Cerebral hemorrhage, even hemorrhagic stroke called. A vessel in the brain bursts and parts of the brain are no longer adequately supplied with oxygen and nutrients. Arteriosclerosis is also a risk factor in hemorrhagic strokes: at some point, the previously damaged and weakened vessels hold up Blood pressure no longer stood and tear.

The focus is on protecting the arteries

Why is arteriosclerosis so dangerous for the vessels? If cholesterol and calcium salts are deposited on the inside of the blood vessels and small vascular scarring develop due to inflammatory reactions, the vessel walls become increasingly narrow and brittle. Anyone who lowers their risk of atherosclerosis also lowers their risk of stroke.

These are the biggest risk factors for a stroke

These risk factors increase the risk of stroke:

  • That Alter is one of the risk factors that cannot be influenced. About half of stroke patients are over 75 years of age.
  • Genetic plays a role. If there has already been a stroke in the family or if family members suffer from stroke-promoting illnesses, your own risk of illness is also increased.
  • high blood pressure burdens and damages the blood vessels. High blood pressure over 140/90 mmHg is one of the most common causes of arteriosclerosis and the most important risk factor for a stroke.
  • Atrial fibrillation is a form of arrhythmia that increases the risk of stroke up to five times. An irregularly beating heart encourages the formation of blood clots that can be washed into the brain. Almost every fourth stroke is caused by atrial fibrillation.
  • Mellitus diabetes is a risk factor. Diabetics are up to three times more likely to have a stroke. The high sugar levels in the blood attack the vessel walls.
  • Fat metabolism disorders and the resulting high cholesterol levels promote the formation of deposits in the blood vessels. The harmful LDL cholesterol contained in animal fats is particularly risky.

Avoid being overweight

If you eat a balanced diet and consume plenty of vegetables, whole grain products, legumes, salads and fruit in your diet, you will prevent obesity and high blood pressure and support healthy blood sugar and blood fat levels. He also supplies his body with important nutrients that help keep the blood vessels healthy.

Tip: Use salt sparingly, it lowers blood pressure.

Refrain from cigarettes

Refraining from cigarettes is also a valuable means of protecting blood vessels. Nicotine attacks the vessels, worsens the cerebral blood flow, makes the blood more viscous, promotes inflammation and increases blood pressure. The Stroke Competence Network warns that anyone who smokes more than doubles their risk of stroke.

Drink alcohol in moderation

Alcohol is also a stroke risk factor. It promotes inflammation in the vessels and organs such as the liver, increases blood pressure and increases the risk of cerebral haemorrhage if consumed over a longer period of time. In addition, alcohol has a negative effect on the effects of medication. There can be serious side effects and side effects. Alcohol should only be consumed in moderation.

Reduce stress

Stress is associated with an increased formation of stress hormones – including adrenaline and cortisol – and, among other things, promotes high blood pressure and inflammatory reactions in the body. If you reduce stress and take regular breaks and time-outs, you can help your body achieve a balanced hormone balance.

Integrate movement into everyday life

The German Stroke Aid recommends regular exercise to prevent a stroke: You should be active for 30 to 45 minutes three times a week. A mix of endurance and strength training is ideal. Everyday exercise also has a positive effect on health. Exercise helps prevent obesity and reduce stress hormones. Exercise also has a positive effect on blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipids, strengthens the cardiovascular system and supplies the body with oxygen.

Treat cardiovascular and metabolic diseases

Illnesses that favor a stroke can be diagnosed with regular medical examinations. From the age of 35, everyone with statutory health insurance is entitled to a “health check-up” every two years. This early diagnosis test helps to detect high blood pressure, cardiovascular complaints and unhealthy blood values ​​at an early stage. If you have diseases that favor arteriosclerosis, treating them will help reduce the risk of stroke.

  • Diabetes: Keep an eye on your blood sugar levels. Well-set values ​​reduce the risk of stroke in diabetics.
  • high blood pressure: Measure your blood pressure regularly. In the case of high blood pressure, antihypertensive drugs help normalize your blood values. Lowering blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke by up to 40 percent.
  • Atrial fibrillation: Anticoagulant drugs improve the flow properties and reduce the tendency of the blood to clot.

Stroke Risk Test: How at risk am I?

Would you like to know what your stroke risk is like? Do that Stroke Risk Test of the German Stroke Foundation. The online test enables you to make an initial assessment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.

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Natasha Kumar

By Natasha Kumar

Natasha Kumar has been a reporter on the news desk since 2018. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining The Times Hub, Natasha Kumar worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my