Mathematicians at the Utah Institute in the United States have discovered new evidence for string theory. Scientists have studied two-dimensional K3 surfaces, which provided an opportunity to better understand the symmetries of physical theories.
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String theory unites knowledge about the universe and explains the processes taking place in it. After its appearance, many scientists noted the brevity and simplicity of this system. At the same time, various questions gradually accumulated. This theory describes vibrating one-dimensional objects made of a special fiber – strings, which spread in space-time and constantly interact with each other. They are used by physicists to better understand the eight-dimensional compactification of the string theory model of the Universe. Scientists have proven that the current concept combines elements of quantum mechanics and general relativity. Along with this, the basic system, accepted by world science as valid, needs to build a separate theory of gravity, which will begin to be created in future periods.
The study of compact K3 surfaces and their stratification into multidirectional segments provided an opportunity to better understand the theoretical relationship of strings in space-time. Mathematicians have stated that string theory in the real world has a right to exist and be used in research. The latter are aimed at a deeper understanding of the physical processes in the Universe.