Protesters denounce in 2022 the government's decision to expel to Rwanda Migrants who arrived in the UK illegally. (Archive photo)
However, the text has so far never been implemented. A first plane was blocked at the last minute by a decision of the European justice system, then the British justice system had, up to the Supreme Court, declared the project illegal in its initial version.
To try to save its text, strongly criticized by humanitarian associations, the government signed a new treaty with Rwanda. It is backed by this new bill which defines Rwanda as a safe third country and prevents the return of migrants to their country of origin.
It also proposes not to apply certain provisions of the British Human Rights Act to evictions, to limit legal recourse.
The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) said on Wednesday that the latest version of the draft was not compatible with international law.
A little more than a year after entering Downing Street, Rishi Sunak is counting on the success of this project to show that he is capable of holding one of the its flagship promises: to put an end to the arrival of migrant boats on British coasts.
His bill will now have to be approved by the unelected members of the House of Lords, who could well amend it.
And if it is adopted in time before the legislative elections, currently scheduled for the autumn, the Labor Party, led by Keir Starmer, has promised to repeal it if he comes to power after 14 years in opposition. also weaken the partnership with Rwanda, which has already received nearly 240 million pounds (nearly 411 million Canadian dollars) from the United Kingdom.
This money will only be used if the [migrants] come. If this is not the case, we can return it, assured Rwandan President Paul Kagame, interviewed Wednesday at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.