This year, it is planned to put into circulation more than 1.3 million hectares of unused agricultural land, Roman Nekrasov, director of the crop production department of the Ministry of Agriculture, said at the Russian Agrotechnical Forum in Moscow on Monday.
“The plans (for the commissioning of unused agricultural land), which the constituent entities of the Federation have designated for us for this year, amount to 1 million 309 thousand hectares,” he said.
According to the slides presented at the forum, 1 million 164.2 thousand hectares were commissioned in 2018, and 1 million 070.1 thousand hectares in 2019.
According to Nekrasov, currently in the Russian Federation there are 9.6 million hectares of unused agricultural land that can be put into circulation without serious material costs, “they do not require a radical approach to land reclamation.”
In general, as of January 1, 2020, the area of unused arable land in the Russian Federation was 20.1 million hectares, follows from the slides of the Ministry of Agriculture.
According to Nekrasov, the task has been set to put into circulation at least 1 million hectares of agricultural land annually by 2024. From 2020 to 2024, it is planned to introduce 6 million hectares.
As calculated in the Ministry of Agriculture, the increase in grain yield in this case may amount to 9.2 million tons, oilseeds – 1.8 million tons.
According to Nekrasov, the implementation of these plans largely depends on the technical support of the industry. “We have calculated with the regions that will implement these investment projects how much equipment may be required, and it turned out that for the introduction of 1.309 million hectares this year, it is necessary to purchase 7 thousand tractors, 5 thousand grain harvesters, 43 thousand units of trailed and mounted equipment “, – he said, specifying that this requires about 110 billion rubles.
According to the head of the department, the most difficult situation at present is with tractors. The share of tractors over 10 years old is 58%. For grain harvesters this figure is 44%, for forage harvesters – 41%.
At the same time, according to him, this year “the purchase of agricultural machinery has increased greatly, only tractors have added almost 1.4 thousand units to the level of last year.” The volume of concessional loans raised for the purchase of agricultural machinery this year increased by 6 billion rubles compared to last year.
According to Nekrasov, by 2024 the annual purchase of tractors will be close to 14 thousand units, grain harvesters – to 6 thousand units.