# This is how the Finnish election system works – The candidate who received almost 8,000 votes was left behind, but 2,013 was enough

In Finland's list election system, the comparative numbers of the candidates are compared, not the individual votes.

Parliamentary elections will be held on Sunday, April 2. They elect members of parliament for the 2023–2027 election period. Petteri Paalasmaa/USonni.kari@iltalehti.fi Today at 6:30

There is a list election in Finland. The comparison is primarily the number of votes of the parties and electoral alliances, not the candidates. The parties get MPs from each electoral district according to their relative vote share.

Finland uses the d'Hondt election method. The election method is named after its inventor, the Belgian mathematician Victor d'Hondt.

In the last parliamentary election, 2,013 votes passed, but 7,818 votes fell short. How is it possible?

### This is how the election result is calculated

1) The votes of all the candidates of each party (or electoral union or voter association) in the electoral district are counted together.

2) The candidates of the party (or electoral union or voter association) are ranked according to votes.

3) The vote share of the party (or electoral union or voter association) is divided by the ordinal number of each candidate, i.e. let's calculate a reference number for each candidate.

For example, if a party receives 10,000 votes, the benchmark for the candidate with the most votes is 10,000. The benchmark for the candidate with the second most votes is 10,000 divided by two, or 5,000. The benchmark for the tenth most voted is 10,000 divided by ten, or 1,000.

4) All the candidates in the electoral district are ranked according to the comparative numbers.

A specified number of candidates with the best comparative numbers get into the parliament.< /p>

In the largest constituency in Uusimaa, 37 MPs are elected, i.e. the candidates with the 37 best benchmarks get through. Six MPs are elected in Lapland, the smallest constituency in mainland Finland. A share of MPs corresponding to the population is elected from each electoral district.

If two candidates have the same comparative number, the order is decided by lottery.

### Halla-aho veti

In the parliamentary elections of 2019, Tom Packalén of the Basic Finns got into the parliament from the constituency of Helsinki with the smallest number of votes in Finland. Packalén got 2,013 votes.

MP Tom Packalén passed in 2019 with 2,013 votes. KIMMO HAAPALA

The Greens' Riikka Karppinen received 7,818 votes in the 2019 election in the Lapland electoral district, but was left behind. He got the majority of the votes of the greens in Lapland.

Vote rakes drag along those with smaller votes. Packalén benefited from the lobbying help of Jussi Halla-aho, the chairman of Basic Finns at the time. Halla-aho was the voice king of Helsinki with 30,527 votes.

Riikka Karppinen was left behind with 7,818 votes in 2019. Riikka Karppinen's home album

### Suosiai suurii

The larger the electoral district, the more precisely the MPs are proportionally distributed according to the party's vote share.

Correspondingly, the smaller the electoral district, the higher the vote threshold, i.e. the larger share of the votes the party must get in order to get an MP from the electoral district.

The latent vote threshold in Lapland's constituency is 14.3 percent. The party will certainly get an MP from Lapland if it gets 14.3 percent of all votes. The hidden vote threshold in Uusimaa is only 2.8 percent.

D'Hondt's method favors slightly larger parties, especially in small constituencies. The election method also emphasizes the importance of the party.

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