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The world is preparing for itself. ready to enter 2024

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The world population is preparing to start the year 2024.

Agence France-Presse

Crowds of revelers are preparing to bid farewell to the turbulent 2023, the hottest year on record, marked by the rise of artificial intelligence, the climate crisis and the bloody wars in Gaza and Ukraine.

The world's population – which today exceeds eight billion – is preparing to start the new year, with the New Year. hope of ending the high cost of living and global conflict.

In Sydney, the self-proclaimed New Year's capital of the world, more than a million revelers are expected, despite unusually cold and wet weather.

Eight Tons of fireworks will brilliantly celebrate 2024 which, for half the world's population, will be a year of crucial elections. It will also be an Olympic year, with the Games hosted next summer in Paris.

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Fireworks explode over the Sydney Opera House and of the Harbor Bridge during New Year's Eve celebrations, Saturday January 1, 2022. (File photo)

Over the past 12 months, the world has been overcome by the pink wave of Barbie mania, experienced an unprecedented proliferation of artificial intelligence tools and the world's first entire eye transplant .

India has become the most populous country in the world, snatching the title from China. It was also the first country to land a spacecraft in the unexplored South Pole region of the Moon.

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2023 was also the hottest year since records began in 1880, with a series of climate disasters hitting the planet, from Pakistan to the Horn of the ;Africa via the Amazon basin.

But above all, 2023 will be marked by the unprecedented attack by Hamas on Israeli soil on October 7 – and by Israel's relentless reprisals.

The United Nations estimates that nearly two million Gaza residents have been displaced since the start of the siege imposed by Israel, or around 85 % of population.

In Gaza City, reduced to ruins, there are barely any places left to celebrate the New Year.

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Palestinians inspect the damage caused by an Israeli bombardment in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, on December 29, 2023.

It was a dark year full of tragedy, said Abed Akkawi, who fled the city with his wife and three children.

The 37-year-old, who now lives in a United Nations camp in Rafah, in the south of the Gaza Strip, says he lost his brother but clings to slim hopes for 2024. God willing “, this war will end, the new year will be better and we will be able to return to our homes and rebuild them, or just live in a tent on the rubble, he told AFP.

In Ukraine, where the Russian invasion is approaching its second anniversary, defiance and hope dominate despite a new Russian attack.

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A Ukrainian flag flies between buildings destroyed by a bombing carried out by the Russian army in the kyiv region last April.

Victory! We are waiting for it and believe that Ukraine will win, says Tetiana Shostka as sirens announcing an air raid sound in kyiv. We will have everything we want if Ukraine is free, without Russia, adds the 42-year-old.

Some in Vladimir Putin's Russia are tired of the conflict. In the New Year, I would like the war to end, there to be a new president and a return to normal life, says Zoya Karpova, a 55-year-old theater designer and resident of Moscow .

Mr. Putin is the longest-serving Russian leader since Joseph Stalin and his name will again appear on the ballot in March's elections. Few believe in the vote being completely free and fair, or expect him to lose.

In addition to the Russian elections, more than four billion people in total will be called to the polls including in the United Kingdom, the European Union, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa, Venezuela and of course in the United States, where Democrat Joe Biden, 81, and Republican Donald Trump, 77, intend to face each other again next November.

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Joe Biden, President of the United States, at the White House, December 13, 2023

As an outgoing president, Mr. Biden has at times shown signs of advanced age and even some of his supporters worry about the consequences of ;a new mandate.

As for Donald Trump, facing several indictments and at least three of whose trials are supposed to begin in 2024 before the presidential election, nothing immediately prevents him from campaigning.

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