The Shenzhou-17 rocket during its launch on October 26, 2023.
Russia has fired its Soyuz rocket 19 times, including 17 times, mainly satellites for its government and military needs as well as Progress spacecraft destined for the International Space Station (ISS), according to the specialist site Gunter' ;s Space Page.
The Electron rocket from the American-New Zealand company Rocket Lab, one of the rare operational mini-launchers, was fired on nine occasions.
Behind comes India, whose space agency Isro carried out seven launches during the ;year of its GSLV, PSLV and SSLV rockets.
Isro can also boast of having carried out the first launch of 2024, a PSLV rocket launched on Monday at 4:30 GMT having put into orbit a scientific satellite.
Europe, in the midst of a launcher crisis, has only carried out three launches in 2023: the last two Ariane 5 and a Vega rocket.
Europeans hope to regain autonomous access to space with the inaugural flight of' Ariane 6, scheduled between June 15 and the end of July, and the return to flight of Vega-C at the end of the year, after an accident which has grounded it since the end of 2022. p>
Japan also carried out three launches in 2023, including a failure for its new H-3 heavy launcher. The Japanese space agency, Jaxa, announced Thursday a new attempt for February 15.