The Supreme Court of Brazil annulled the pardon of the military and police officers convicted of the Carandiru massacre in 1992
Jair Bolsonaro had granted a pardon to the forces responsible for the brutal massacre, in what was one of his last maneuvers before the end of his government< /h2>
On October 2, 1992, 111 prisoners were murdered in an intervention by the Military Police that sought to control a riot in the Carandiru prison, at the time the largest in Latin America, with some 8,000 inmates
The president of the Supreme Court of Brazil, Judge Rosa Weber, annulled the last pardon of former president Jair Bolsonaro for dozens of police officers and soldiers who were convicted of the deaths of 111 prisoners during an operation in 1992 to put down a riot in a São Paulo prison, in what became known as the Carandiru massacre.
The pardon on December 23 was one of Bolsonaro's last maneuvers before the end of his term, shadowed even more after thousands of his followers stormed on December 8 January at the headquarters of the three powers.
Weber's decision is in response to a request from the Brazilian Attorney General, Augusto Aras, who at the end of December 2022 sent to the Supreme Court a claim of unconstitutionality against a part of this decree, since it contravened the international obligations of the Brazilian State to prosecute and punish those responsible for crimes against humanity.
The judge Rosa Weber, president of the Supreme Court of Brazil
Weber estimated that this measure of grace “may constitute a violation of the recommendations of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the OAS (Organization of American States) ” to “investigate, prosecute and punish” in a “serious” and “effective” manner those responsible for the massacre.
The judicial process lasted for decades and we had to wait until ten years ago for the Justice to sentence 74 of those police officers for the death of 77 prisoners. The sentences against them ranged from 48 to 624 years in prison, however, none of them served their sentence, since Brazilian law prevents entering prison for more than 40 years for the same crime.
Of the convicted officers, five have already died –one of them murdered– and another 69 are still alive. More than 30 years later, no one went to prison, partly thanks to the maneuver of the defenses that were appealing each of the sentences. The case has become a symbol of impunity in Brazil.
After the massacre, the Carandiru prison was closed and demolished
The massacre in the Carandiru prison, in São Paulo, on October 2, 1992 was started by a riot in pavilion nine of this prison, the largest in Brazil at the time, which housed nearly 8,000 inmates overcrowded and in unsanitary conditions.
Police repressed the riot with a extreme violence, shooting at the inmates when many of them were locked in their respective cells, with no possibility of defending themselves or fleeing. According to forensic analyzes presented during the trial, the 111 dead received a total of 515 bullets, including 126 to the head, which human rights groups regard as proof that they were summarily executed.< /p>
Subsequently, Carandiru prison was closed and demolition began in 2002 to make way for a park.
With information from EFE and EuropaPress