The Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation intends to strengthen state support for the production of biotechnological products, promising, in particular, to cover the needs of the agro-industrial complex for lysine of its own production in the near future.
“We understand how to properly direct budgetary state funds for the development of biotechnological products, respectively, the government supports us in this direction. The budget for agriculture is quite good for the coming years,” First Deputy Minister of Agriculture Oksana Lut said at the congress of young scientists on Friday Sochi.
According to her, it used to be “convenient and easy” to take biotech products on the international market. “Now the situation has become more complicated. We do not have major critical failures, but, nevertheless, we understand that these are already serious risks,” she said, noting that today foreign companies are still working in Russia in this area, but tomorrow, they will not it is possible that they will leave. “Like, for example, in seed production, in breeding, many companies said that they would remain on the market, then several months passed – and the four main companies left. But the rest, most likely, sooner or later will leave, not because they want to leave – we have a good market, they definitely want to stay, but because they will be forced to do so,” she said.
According to her, “remaining in such a risk zone is unacceptable.” The main problem of the industry is the presence of strains. Now in the Russian Federation there is a strain of lysine, which was developed by a structural unit of the Kurchatov Institute, it is used in the production of lysine in the Belgorod region. “It is clear that there are nuances in comparison with foreign analogues, but, nevertheless, our livestock breeders do not complain much. And our conversion rates are quite good on Belgorod lysine,” she said.
As Lut clarified, at present, domestic production of this amino acid covers domestic needs by 75%, “I think that in the short term, all 100% of our needs for lysine will be covered (by our own production – IF)”, she said.
As for other amino acids, the situation with them is more complicated, because there are no strains. Here, the Ministry of Agriculture is counting on domestic developers and foreign, primarily Chinese, partners. Thus, one of the Chinese companies is interested in creating amino acid production on the basis of the Rostov plant, which is now in the freezing stage. “The Chinese have strains, so we hope that next year we will begin to restore production and the tentative plan is to put production into operation in 2026,” she said.
In addition, the possibility of building a large plant in Astrakhan areas with stable supplies of raw materials for the production of methionine. So far, it is supplied from China, but within 4-5 years, these supplies may replace domestic production, Lut calculates.