The Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation admits the possibility of setting quotas for the export of not only grain in general, but also of individual grain crops, if their supplies abroad pose a risk to the domestic market.
“We believe that such a mechanism (tariff quotas) should be implemented both for the grain market as a whole and for individual commodity items that cause the greatest risk,” said Roman Nekrasov, director of the crop production department of the Ministry of Agriculture, at the webinar “Grain and technical raw materials for alcoholic drinks. branches of the Russian Federation “on Friday.
He recalled that in the spring of this year, a tariff quota for grain exports was introduced in Russia “in order to prevent a sharp rise in prices on the domestic market.”
The quota, which was in effect from April 1 to June 30, was 7 million tons. It extended to the export of wheat, barley, rye and corn in general. There was no division into separate grain positions.
Nekrasov presented at the event a draft “road map” for the implementation of the strategy for the development of the grain complex of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2035.
According to him, one of its sections is the improvement of the methodology for calculating the balance of resources for the main types of grain crops. “It is on the basis of the formation of the balance of demand and supply of products that the government prepares measures to regulate the grain market,” he said.
According to Nekrasov, the “road map” has been agreed with all interested departments and regions. It is currently pending government approval. The document, in particular, provides for the improvement of the regulatory framework of grain production, the creation of a unified grain traceability system, the development of the scientific and production direction of the grain complex, in particular, the creation of new varieties and hybrids of crops that are in demand by the market.
According to him, the document attaches great importance to the development of such a direction as the biologization of grain production, taking into account the growing demand of the world market for environmentally friendly products.
The strategy for the development of the grain complex, approved by the government of the Russian Federation in August 2019, according to the optimistic scenario, provides for an increase in grain production in the Russian Federation by 2035 to 150.3 million tons, according to the base – up to 140 million tons, according to the pessimistic – up to 125.4 million tons.
According to Nekrasov, taking into account the commissioning of unused agricultural land and an increase in yields, an indicator of 150 million tons of grain is quite achievable.