The IACHR found Bolivia guilty for actions that violate human rights during the government of Jorge Quiroga
As a result of the ruling, the Bolivian State must pay compensation to the 26 people prosecuted in the “Blas Valencia” case
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The IACHR declared Bolivia guilty for the actions that violate human rights during the government of Jorge Quiroga. (EFE)
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) found the State of Bolivia guilty for actions that violated Human Rights of 26 people during the raids and detentions carried out by the government of former President Jorge Quiroga in 2001.
As a result of the ruling, Bolivia must pay compensation to the 26 people prosecuted in the “Blas Valencia” case. The case bears the surname of the now former police chief Blas Valencia, who in 2001 perpetrated, together with his criminal gang, an armed robbery of a Prosegur company van with the balance of three deaths, two policemen and one civilian, according to the news agency ABI.
“The State is responsible for the violation of the rights to personal liberty, to private life, to the home, to the protection of the family, to the right to property, to personal integrity”, reads the IACHR ruling, referring to those accused in the 'Blas Valencia' operation, for in which an attempt was made to capture the suspects in the robbery of a van carrying money in December of that year.
According to the inter-American entity, the night raids “disproportionately affected ” the rights of the children and adolescents present, as well as the right to family life. In addition, the women were victims of sexual torture during their detentions, according to the statement.
The IACHR considered that the State of Bolivia violated the right to lifeof one of the victims who died as a result of a lack of adequate medical attention. In addition, one of the victims suffered an abortion as a result of the sexual violence suffered and did not count with adequate medical attention, for which reason it was also considered a violation of the right to health.
The victims were also exhibited to the press as perpetrators of the robbery of the truck when they had not even been the subject of a formal accusation, for which reason it has been considered that the principle of innocence was affected.
The IACHR considered that the State of Bolivia violated the right to life of one of the victims who died as a result of a lack of adequate medical care. In addition, one of the victims suffered an abortion as a result of the sexual violence suffered and did not have adequate medical attention, for which reason it was also considered a violation of the right to health. (EUROPA PRESS)
Due to the violations carried out by the Bolivian State, the IACHR ordered various reparation measures, among which is the review of the conviction of the victims , the establishment of protocols for carrying out searches and other acts of judicial investigation where children and adolescents are present, as well as the payment of compensation amounts to the victims.
This Tuesday, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) began its visit to Bolivia with the objective of evaluating the progress of the recommendations that the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) made for the events related to the political and social crisis of 2019.
This visit is carried out within the framework of the Mesa de Follow-up to the Recommendations of the GIEI Report ( Meseg) and is chaired by the rapporteur commissioner for Bolivia, Joel Hernández, reported the Bolivian Minister of Justice, Iván Lima.
Lima mentioned that the information received by the commission “will help to improve and implement all the recommendations” that the GIEI made in August 2021, in the report that it delivered to the Government of President Luis Arce.
The minister recalled that this report established some 36 recommendations that are grouped into “three levels” such as attention to victims of human rights violations, adjustments in the Bolivian judicial system and public policy actions.
He assured that “there is progress” in compliance with the GIEI recommendations, although he avoided giving a percentage of compliance with those tasks, which he considered to be “medium and long-term” issues that must be fulfilled.
According to the inter-American entity, the night raids affected “disproportionately” the rights of the children and adolescents present, as well as the right to family life. Likewise, the women were victims of sexual torture during their detentions, according to the statement. (AFP)
Lima highlighted progress regarding the “judicial reform”, the adequacy of Bolivian regulations and the declaration of unconstitutionality of the crime of sedition and the almost twenty “indicted persons” or with “detention trial” accused of “serious acts of violation of human rights”.
However, several of these steps are criticized by the opposition as the failure of the judicial reform, which has had at least three attempts to carry it out, and of the so-called “political prisoners” due to the political crisis such as former interim president Jeanine Áñez and the governor of Santa Cruz, Luis Fernando Camacho, both imprisoned.
(With information from Europa Press and EFE)