The Council of Ministers approved this Tuesday the National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change for the period 2021-2010, which defines 81 lines of action in different socio-economic sectors of Spain and organized in 18 areas, such as human health, water and water resources, natural heritage, biodiversity and protected areas, coasts and the marine environment, forest protection, combating desertification, agriculture and livestock or food security.
The Plan, which the fourth vice president of the Government and Minister for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge, Teresa Ribera, announced 15 days ago that it was “imminent” and
is part of the Government's regulatory package to fight the climate emergency.
Adaptation measures seek to avoid or reduce economic, social, and ecological risks and to promote better preparation to recover from climate change, so that the Plan is a “planning instrument” to identify the best guidelines for the different sectors and achieve a country less vulnerable and more resistant to climate change.
In statements to the media, the fourth vice president and minister for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge, Teresa Ribera, said that
one of the priorities to “do things right” against the climate emergency is precisely the climate change adaptation plan , of which he has highlighted the broad participation with which it has been prepared and considers that it will be a fundamental tool in this context of recovery in which Spain is considering what future it wants for the present and future generation. Post-covid recovery
In this sense, he stressed that “climate action is not a watertight behavior, but is integrated as the backbone of European actions in the context of post-covid recovery” and represents the national scheme for risk management, at the same time which is confident that it will give investors certainty and will better guide the economic recovery.
In short, in his opinion, it will help to generate a more resilient primary sector, unite and structure the rural environment, prepare for higher quality tourism, create safer infrastructures and recover biodiversity “.
In this line, it foresees that the damages of climate change will be avoided and minimized, more economic and social stability and new opportunities will be provided since investments in planned adaptation can create new economic activities and employment opportunities and reduce the uncertainty associated with climate change.
81 lines of action
The Plan that will foreseeably be approved this Tuesday includes 81 lines of action in the different socio-economic sectors of the country organized in 18 areas of work for the period 2021-2030.
According to data from the State Meteorological Agency (AEMET), the average temperature in the whole of Spain has risen around 1.7 degrees Celsius since pre-industrial times (1ºC in the entire planet), summer has lasted five weeks with compared to the beginning of the eighties and the extension of areas with a semi-arid climate has increased by more than 30,000 square kilometers in a period of 20 years.
The new plan will reinforce the instruments for information and monitoring of public adaptation policies, including reports on climate risks and, for the first time, 30 indicators that should provide a dynamic view of the effects derived from climate change and the progress made in this area. of adaptation.
Likewise, it also proposes seven transversal lines of work in matters of territorial and social vulnerability; transboundary effects of climate change; Gender approach; prevention of maladaptation and perverse incentives; costs and benefits of adaptation and inaction and orientation to action.
The first draft of the plan was submitted to public information from May 4 to June 30 , a period in which more than 1,500 comments were received from 182 organizations and individuals. The draft plan was then submitted to the Climate Change Policy Coordination Commission, the National Climate Council and the Environmental Advisory Council for consideration.