Mon. Jul 22nd, 2024

The Crimean Bridge and the Black Sea Fleet are in the spotlight: where do Storm Shadow missiles come from?

Natasha Kumar By Natasha Kumar Jun18,2024

Under the sights of the Crimean bridge and the Black Sea Fleet: where do Storm Shadow missiles get

Storm Shadow missile – this is the longest-range weapon that Ukraine officially received from Great Britain and France. A new country may soon join the Storm Shadow coalition.

Thanks to these missiles, the Ukrainian military can strike at a distance of at least 300 kilometers, while the Russians have practically no response to these missiles – their glorious PPO regularly fail this exam. More details about how Ukraine can use Storm Shadow – read more in the material of Channel 24.

Storm Shadow – British-French development (joint project of British Aerospace and Matra​​), which has 2 main modifications and, accordingly, the range of damage – up to 250 kilometers in the export version and 500 (560) kilometers in the basic version. In the French army, the rocket has a different name – SCALP-EG.

Indicators in 250 kilometers – this is the usual standard for NATO, but an absolute breakthrough for the Armed Forces and the entire anti-Russian coalition.

It is also unknown how much Storm Shadow could have transferred to Ukraine. In general, there are not so many of these missiles, and the price for them is quite high.

In particular, the cost of one Storm Shadow ranges from 1 – 2.3 million euros, although it is not the Russian Kalibr, which costs 6 million dollars, or the X-101, which costs from 11 or 13 million dollars.

As for the number, unofficial data indicate that the total the order of these missiles for the Air Force of Great Britain in the 1990s amounted to 1,000 units, another 500 – France, Italy ordered 200 in 1999.

On June 15, 2024, Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Maloni made a powerful statement about Russia at the Peace Summit in Switzerland. Her determination significantly contradicted the previous statements of Italian government officials about the ban on striking with Italian weapons on the territory of Russia.

Against this background, on June 18, reports appeared in the Italian media about Rome's alleged agreement to provide Ukraine with Storm Shadow missiles from its own stocks. .

Note that this was not an official statement, but an insider from a not too authoritative source. The Italian newspaper Il Fatto Quotidiano wrote about it with reference to its own anonymous sources. Allegedly, the missiles should be in the 9th package of military aid, which Defense Minister Guido Crozetto will present to parliament by the end of this month. In it, the second SAMP/T air defense system was promised earlier, but there was nothing about Storm Shadow.

In 2023, Italy joined the Franco-British program to replace the old Storm Shadow (Italy had about 200 of them) with missiles of the new generation. So, old missiles can potentially go not to disposal, but to Ukraine, where they are very much awaited.

How will it actually be – we can find out when the 9th package will be officially announced. However, we may never find out, because in Italy the issue of providing weapons to Ukraine is considered very sensitive. However, the very fact of the discussion about this, as well as the controversy surrounding the permission to strike directly at Russia – a good sign.

Whatever it is, but these missiles cover the entire occupied territory of Ukraine. And in 2023, they became almost permanent guests in the occupied Crimea – thanks to Storm Shadow, the Ukrainians significantly thinned out Russian air defense and destroyed the airfields of the occupiers. In 2024, American ATACMS long-range missiles joined the combat work in Crimea.

Important! In 2023, Ukraine did not attack the territory of Russia with Storm Shadow missiles, but focused exclusively on the deoccupation of its own lands. In May 2024, this restriction was lifted, but currently there have been no reports of the use of Storm Shadow, actually, in Russia, instead, Ukraine uses its own Neptune missiles for these purposes.

Adviser of the US Commission on Security in Europe Paul Massaro published a map of where Storm Shadow missiles can reach, outlining the limits of the “long arm” for Ukraine. Unfortunately, this map still remains a theory.

According to the military nomenclature, both ATACMS and Storm Shadow are medium-range missiles, but for Ukraine this is a real breakthrough, because it increases the operational depth and makes it possible to punish the Russians not only in a conditional 100-kilometer zone, but also in the rear.

< p>Where do Storm Shadow missiles get/DeepState map

The Ukrainian military portal Defence Express  notes that the Storm Shadow missile is suitable for hitting the most important enemy targets, which include command posts, air bases, fuel and ammunition depots, equipment storage bases, ships and other facilities.

It should also be emphasized that a sufficiently high price for a missile can determine the targets on which the Defense Forces will strike.

Krym.Realii journalists told about important Russian facilities in occupied Crimea, who are now in danger because of Storm Shadow.

  • Jankoi – it is a key node for the provision of the Russian army in the South. It is here that the highways and railways that lead to the Zhankoy airfield of the same name, where Russia bases its warplanes, meet.
  • Oil base in Feodosia – provides fuel for fighters and Russian attack aircraft. Earlier, it was attacked by a drone, as a result of which 40 thousand tons of fuel were burned.
  • Seaport of Feodosia and Sevastopol Bay – Russian missile-carrying ships are based here, which attack Ukraine with Kalibr-type missiles.
  • Crimean Bridge – this is an important bridge through which Russia transfers weapons to the South of Ukraine. It will be extremely difficult for the Russians to compensate for his loss.

Storm Shadow missiles can also become a deterrent to the Russian invaders. In particular, the Russians can resort to a “gesture of goodwill” without risking their equipment.

First of all, we are talking about planes, as well as ships that attack Ukraine with missiles. This is exactly what Russia did when Ukraine got HIMARS and later GLSDB.

First the occupiers moved their warehouses and bases to a distance of more than 100 kilometers, after which they had to withdraw at least another 50 kilometers.

Military expert, instructor pilot and reserve colonel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Roman Svitan&nbsp ;in an interview with Channel 24  he told that 3 – 4 Storm Shadow missiles will disable the Crimean bridge for a long time.

As a result, as Svitan said, 30% of the equipment that Russia throws over the Crimean bridge will stop working for at least half a year.

< p>At the same time, it is not economically justified to use Storm Shadow for strikes on the bridge – for this there are other missiles, the profile of which is precisely the work of destroying concrete bridges. We are primarily talking about ATACMS and Taurus. Unfortunately, Germany still hasn't transferred the latter to Ukraine.

Roman Svitan about the transfer of Storm Shadow to Ukraine: watch the video

Currently Storm Shadow is in service with the Royal Air Force, as well as the Air Force of other allies of Ukraine – France and Italy. These missiles have experience in combat use and have proven their effectiveness in Iraq, Syria and Libya.

The Ukrainian military shoots down the cruise missiles that Russia is using to attack our country. Storm Shadow is also a cruise missile and Russia has the means to shoot it down. However, most often the Russians shoot down the Storm Shadow only in the compound of General Konashenkov, where they often talk about dozens of missiles at once. In fact, there are many videos in which Russian air defense personnel only follow the flight of Storm Shadow missiles with their eyes or simply record their own losses.

The legendary Storm Shadow in Crimea – watch the video:

Perhaps the most famous use of Storm Shadow is the September 22, 2023 attack on the headquarters of the Russian Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol: then, in broad daylight, Ukrainian operators of Storm Shadow missiles destroyed a strategic facility and eliminated a bunch of top occupiers. The moral effect was even more tangible – “the second army of the world” can do nothing to counter Storm Shadow.

There is nothing strange about this – it should be so, because this missile is designed to break through the most powerful air defense.

This was the case in Syria, where the Storm Shadow had already dealt with the Russian S-400 in Syria, and it happened again in the Ukrainian Crimea occupied by the Russians.

How the Storm Shadow missile works: watch the video

  • Storm Shadow is designed for low-altitude air defense penetration, which is characteristic of any subsonic cruise missile. The missile is designed using stealth technologies.
  • Storm Shadow has a sophisticated guidance system, which consists of inertial, satellite, and DSMAC, when the missile scans the Earth's surface below it and compares it with a reference image.
  • < li>Thanks to the TERPROM and TERCOM systems, which analyze the contours of the terrain and compare them with the data of the on-board computer, the cruise missile becomes a very big problem for air defense.

It has a complex trajectory, can change height and react to changes in terrain – it came in handy in Syria and may be useful in Crimea, because there are also mountainous and hilly areas there, which the occupiers hope to use as natural defenses, but instead will get an additional complication for their own air defense.

The main feature of the guidance system is thermal imaging head, which is located under the fairing, which is dropped in the area of ​​​​the target. Due to this, the missile searches for the target stored in the memory and leads to it, instead of just hitting the coordinate.

The 450-kilogram warhead is designed to hit highly protected objects. In the basic version, a two-stage specially designed warhead called BROACH is provided.

Its essence is that first a cumulative charge is triggered, which pierces the ground, reinforced concrete or another obstacle, and the main warhead enters this hole part. It is declared that BROACH is equivalent in capabilities to concrete-breaking combat units.

  • type – cruise missile;

  • class – air-to-ground (there are also naval options with the possibility of launches from ships and submarines);

  • carrier – Dassault Mirage 2000/Rafale/Tornado/EurofighterTyphoon;

  • range – from 250 to 500 (560) kilometers;

  • rocket mass – 1300 kilograms;

  • mass of the combat unit – 480 kilograms;

  • length — 5.1 meters;

  • diameter — 480 mm;

  • maximum speed — 1000 kilometers per hour.

< p>Roman Svitan on Channel 24 said that Ukraine can get Storm Shadow missiles both air-based and sea-based. As for sea-based bases, it is obvious that the Ukrainian military will have to use them from land, as in the case of Harpoon.

The Storm Shadow warhead weighs 450 kilograms, which is twice as much as the ATACMS. As Defence Express points out, an aircraft with an air-based cruise missile naturally has much greater mobility than any ground-based tactical missile system.

Analysts note that the carrier can launch on targets in the north, south in one day and east. Instead, for HIMARS with ATACMS in conditions of wide borders of Ukraine – it's unrealistic.

That is, it really changes the rules of the game in terms of real capabilities and potential effectiveness. Especially since the range of up to 300 kilometers remains debatable, because there is an extremely important factor why it may well be about the original version of Storm Shadow with a range of 560 kilometers, – writes Defense Express.

The main carrier of these miracle missiles is the fourth-generation Mirage 2000 fighter. Currently, Ukraine does not yet have such aircraft, but it may receive them by the end of 2024. At least that is what French President Macron promised. If this happens, the possibilities of using Storm Shadow will increase significantly, because the missiles will be used by the native platform. The number of aircraft is also important, because it will allow scaling up launches and more often breaking through Russian air defense, which is already exhausted.

Until this happens, Ukraine will continue to use its own development – adapted for Storm Shadow launches adapted for Su-24 attack aircraft. In 2023, this collaboration showed itself well.

Natasha Kumar

By Natasha Kumar

Natasha Kumar has been a reporter on the news desk since 2018. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining The Times Hub, Natasha Kumar worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my 1-800-268-7116

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