The Brazilian Congress inaugurated a new legislature and will elect the new authorities for Lula's government

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At the beginning of the legislative year, the new presidents of both chambers will be elected, who will have in their hands the definition of the parliamentary process of the projects presented by the new government

The Congress of Brazil inaugurated a new legislature and will elect the new authorities for the Government of Lula

Congress of Brazil. File photo. EFE/Joédson Alves

The Brazilian Parliament inaugurates a new legislature this Wednesday, the first of the Government of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and elects new authorities with a conservative composition that may hinder the plans of the progressive leader.

The Chambers of Deputies and the Senate were also renewed in the elections held last October, in which Lula defeated ultra-right Jair Bolsonaro by a meager difference of 1.8 percentage points, who despite having left office power tries to maintain a certain influence in Parliament.

With the beginning of the legislative year, this Wednesday, the new presidents of both chambers will be elected, who will have in their hands the definition of the parliamentary process of the projects presented by the new Government, which took office on January 1.

Faced with the conservative cadre presented by the new composition that came out of the polls last October, Lula has already made some concessions to parties of the center and the more moderate right, to in order to minimize the power of the most radical Bolsonarism in Parliament.

Among his cabinet, of 37 ministers, he has included leaders of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), Brazil Union (UB) and Social Democratic Party (PSD), all from the conservative spectrum and who at the time even flirted with Bolsonaro.

With this movement, Lula intends to add votes to both the Deputies and the Senate and reduce the influence of the Liberal Party (PL), led by Bolsonaro and assured in the October elections the first minorities in both chambers.

The Congress of Brazil inaugurated a new legislature and will elect the new authorities for the Government of Lula

The new president of Brazil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks after being sworn in at the National Congress, in Brasilia, Brazil, January 1, 2023. REUTERS/Jacqueline Lisboa NO RESALE. NO FILES

The PL also faces the threat of an internal fracture, after the serious attack on democracy on the 8th, when a mob of radical Bolsonaristas stormed the headquarters of the three powers of the Nation to demand a coup against Lula.

Some leaders of that formation came to justify the coup attempt, but the majority condemned it and even suggested that the PL distance itself from Bolsonaro, who two days before Lula's inauguration traveled to the United States and has not yet returned to Brazil.

Two favorites loyal to Bolsonaro who are now approaching Lula

The favorites for the internal election of Parliament are the current presidents of the Chamber of Deputies, Arthur Lira, and of the Senate, Rodrigo Pachecho, both candidates for re-election.

Lira and Pacheco were elected two years ago with broad support from Bolsonaro, with whom they maintained a certain fidelity, especially on economic issues, and favored the liberalism promoted by the far-right government.

No However, both distanced themselves from Bolsonarismo after that radical movement ignored the results of the October elections and they did so even more after the events of January 8.

Paradoxically, now the coalition parties of the new government have also advanced their support for Lira and Pacheco, despite the fact that they may make it difficult to process economic projects that go against what Bolsonaro defended.

In particular, they have already objected to a tax reform that Lula intends to propose in the coming months and which aims to impose a greater burden on the richest, although the bill is still it has not been publicly presented.

In the Chamber of Deputies, Lira's re-election is considered a fact, since he has support from the progressive coalition that supports Lula and also from the forces of the conservative right, against a Bolsonarismo that has no candidate and tends to abstain.

In the case of the Senate, polls among parliamentarians point to the possible re-election of Pacheco, but by a minimal margin against Senator Rogério Marinho, nominated by the extreme right and who has the support of Bolsonaro himself.

With information from EFE

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