Silva's escape was facilitated by “ineffective intelligence actions” by the police

Evidence ● The PNP's Anti-Corruption Division undertook video surveillance of the former minister's house a week after the tax request ● Police did not report that the former official requested removal of shelter two days after his preliminary arrest was issued.

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Silva's escape was facilitated by “ineffective-intelligence-actions” of the police

Prosecutor's report details the sequence of events after which ex-minister Juan Silva fled. Photo: MTC

Investigation Unit

In a report from the National Prosecutor's Office it is confirmed that the National Police of Peru, through its Directorate against Corruption, did not carry out the task of video surveillance of former minister Juan Silva, which meant that he could not be located and, in the end, he escaped.

The former head of the Ministry of Transport and Communications is being investigated for being part of an alleged criminal network that operated in his administration.

In recent days, the Minister of the Interior, Dimitri Senmache, stated that the police did not follow up on Silva because he was not part of the video surveillance process requested by the prosecution. Likewise, the head of the PNP's Anti-Corruption Directorate, General Freddy López Mendoza, affirmed on the 12th of this month that there was “no lack of coordination between the Public Ministry and the intelligence agency”, but since May 27, the day the video surveillance tax provision was issued, coordination “has been fluid to comply with the measure”.

However, a report that the Supreme Deputy Prosecutor Samuel Rojas Chávez, coordinator of the Illicit Enrichment and Constitutional Complaints Area of ​​the Office of the Prosecutor of the Nation, sent to the Prosecutor of the Nation, Pablo Sánchez, details the role of the police in relation to video surveillance.

In the document, dated June 10, reports of visits, communications via WhatsApp and reserved trades are attached.

Silva's escape was facilitated by

Communication between Supreme Deputy Prosecutor Samuel Rojas and PNP Colonel Enrique Huasasquiche of Dircocor

In this, Rojas explains to Sánchez that due to the preliminary investigation of his office to Silva, on May 27 he received the head of the Investigation Division of Corruption Crimes linked to Organized Crime of the Directorate against Corruption (Dircocor) of the PNP Colonel Enrique Huasasquiche López, and PNP Commander Vladimir Bellota Rojas to discuss video surveillance.

At the meeting, the officers told him that “they were in a position to assume the execution of the measure”and that the operational part was going to be carried out in coordination with the Counterintelligence Division of the Intelligence Directorate (Dirin) of the police. The video surveillance provision, which was for a period of 30 days, was issued the same day. As agreed, it was established that it would be carried out by the Dirin and Dircocor Counterintelligence Division.

Prosecutor Rojas' official letter indicates that, since the disposition was given, he maintained communication with Huasasquiche to request information about the places where the former minister was and through which he moved.

However, he notes that in all the police responses “we were informed that they did not have him physically located, but that they were digitally monitoring the target”, which “It was an intelligence procedure”.

For Rojas, “The limitation of this intelligence procedure lay in the inaccuracy of the information on the real location” of the former minister, since “the level of precision was restricted, as we were told, to a range of eight apples”.

The prosecutor mentions that by not receiving a written report on the result of the video surveillance –as well as by the decision requesting the preliminary arrest of Silva–, on June 3, “verbally to the police authority” to file a report on the video surveillance.

The next day the police official arrived, but in that only real estate verification actions with photos were reported on June 3 and 4, despite the fact that video surveillance was established on May 27.

Rojas highlights in his official letter a mention of the police document: “Until the completion of these proceedings, the physical presence of the person under investigation has not been noticed.”.

Faced with these circumstances, Rojas considers “ineffective intelligence actions” that complicated a request to search Silva's real estate, on June 4 the prosecutor's office asked the Judiciary for the preliminary arrest of the former head of the MTC. That same day, Supreme Judge Juan Carlos Checkley accepted the request and ordered his arrest.

As an additional measure, the prosecution planned to subpoena to the former minister by June 6 with the aim of expanding his statement on the investigation, but with “the real expectation of obtaining the preliminary arrest warrant”.

In the absence of Silva, prosecutor Rojas explained that on the same date he summoned Colonel Huasasquiche to his office in order to inform him of Silva's arrest.

He added that that day, as he did not receive information from the video surveillance, “it was required in writing to report in detail on the execution of the measure”.

The last times that Silva was seen publicly were on May 24, when he attended the Congressional Oversight Commission, and on June 1, in the face-to-face interview with Radio Exitosa. In addition, on the 6th of this month he requested that the police protection that corresponded to him as a former minister be withdrawn. According to the document, prosecutor Rojas points out that he was not informed in this regard by Dircocor, which “supposedly was carrying out video surveillance work” . He added that he learned of Silva's request through public information.

On June 7, the Office of the Prosecutor of the Nation formalized before the Supreme Court of Preparatory Investigation the order to locate and capture Silva because the Division of Investigation of Crimes of Corruption linked to Organized Crime of the Dircocor “was unable to operate” to comply with the arrest warrant of the Judicial Power.

In his official letter, prosecutor Rojas also emphasizes that since the coordination with the police began, “it was evident that circumstances could arise that could affect the effectiveness of the acts of investigation and procedural assurance” , in reference to those implicated, such as former Minister Silva and President Pedro Castillo, “who is functionally the supreme chief of the police forces”.

For this reason, Rojas indicates that “It was decided to compartmentalize the information provided to the police authority, limiting their access” and giving them specific responsibilities, but these “were not duly fulfilled”.

Coordination between the Public Prosecutor's Office and the National Police Sequence of events that preceded the flight of Juan Silva1

Silva's escape was facilitated by

May, 2022Friday 27

Former Minister Juan Silva testifies before the Prosecutor's Office of the Nation.

2

Silva's escape was facilitated by “ineffective intelligence actions” of the police

Deputy Supreme Prosecutor Samuel Rojas meets with PNP Colonel Enrique Huasasquiche and Commander Vladimir Bellota, from Dircocor (11:10 a.m.-12:01 p.m.).

3

Silva's escape was facilitated by

The provision ordering video surveillance of Juan Silva for 30 days is issued. The Intelligence Directorate and Dircocor are in charge of executing the measure.

4

Silva's escape was facilitated by “ineffective-intelligence-actions” by the police

At night, prosecutor Samuel Rojas sends the disposition to PNP Colonel Enrique Huasasquiche, via WhatsApp.

5

Silva's escape was facilitated by “ineffective-intelligence-actions” of the police

June, 2022Friday 3

The Attorney General's Office verbally requests a report from the PNP on the progress of video surveillance of former Minister Silva.

6

Silva's escape was facilitated by

Saturday 4

The prosecution receives a letter from Dircocor stating acknowledges that Silva was not located.

7

Silva's escape was facilitated by

 Supreme Judge Juan Checkley orders preliminary arrest against former Minister Juan Silva at the request of the National Prosecutor, Pablo Sánchez..

8Monday 6

The prosecution summons Juan Silva to give his extended statement.

9

 The Illicit Enrichment and Constitutional Complaints Area of ​​the prosecution summons the head of Dircocor to carry out Silva's arrest.

10

Silva's escape was facilitated by &ldquo

The Public Ministry requests a written report from the PNP on the video surveillance actions of the last seven days.

11

Silva's escape was facilitated by

Former Minister Silva requests the withdrawal of the police protection service, a measure that it was not reported to the prosecution.

12Tuesday 7

The prosecution asks the Judiciary to order the international capture of Juan Silva.

More data
  • In the official letter sent by the PNP to the prosecutor's office on June 4, it was indicated that Juan Silva could not be located. However, on June 1, the former head of Transportation appeared in different media outlets.
  • Juan Silva is on the list of the most wanted by the Ministry of the Interior. For information on his whereabouts, a reward of S/50 thousand is offered.