Scientists from Russia conducted a study, during which they found out the mechanism of mutual understanding between interlocutors during eye contact. New knowledge will help in medical areas related to psychology.
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Employees of the Institute of Physiology, dealing with this issue, were guided by the need to help teachers establish contact with students in conditions when lessons are held remotely. In the spring, all teachers in the country found themselves in similar circumstances and found that they could not always understand the students' questions without seeing their eyes and facial expressions. Scientists noticed this and began to work in this area. They found that with eye contact, people understand each other much better, since those who have synchronized the activity of individual parts of the neural networks of the brain. When communicating, without exchanging a glance, for example, by phone, this does not happen. To establish this connection, the researchers ate an experiment with volunteers.
The scientific work was divided into two main acts. In the first, people communicated at a comfortable distance, looking into each other's eyes, and in the second, they sat with their backs turned. At first, both interlocutors were silent, eyes closed. Then they did not speak words, looking at the opponent. Then one of them spoke, and then two. The topics were chosen neutral and touched upon the place of residence, work and hobbies. At the same time, experts recorded the electrical activity of the brain, scanning the work of the organ.
Having identified the fact of synchronization, scientists began to check how it is built in people from various groups, including those with cognitive impairments. They expect to use this new knowledge to develop effective treatments and apply them in psychology.