Scientists conducted a study, during which they found a risk for pregnant women and their unborn children who tested positive for COVID-19. According to experts, often an unfavorable outcome for the fetus occurred during infection in the first three months of pregnancy.
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Researchers studied data from 388 pregnant women with infection in 22 countries around the world. Maternal mortality was quite low, but some patients had a severe form of the disease: 11% were hospitalized in the intensive care unit, 6.4% required intubation. Child mortality among pregnancies was approximately 4%, often associated with preterm birth.
“Most often, the adverse outcome for the fetus occurred when infection occurred in the first trimester of pregnancy. This also happened when the babies were low birth weight, and also when oxygen therapy was needed for the mother, ”said Dr. Jihat Shen, who took part in the study. Despite infection by women, only one child tested positive. The disease was asymptomatic.
Thanks to the results of this experiment, it can be concluded that minimizing the risk of infection in early pregnancy is very important to reduce the chances of death. Also, doctors are obliged to carefully monitor babies with low body weight at the time of birth, and newborns if their mothers needed ventilation during pregnancy, since the risk of an adverse outcome in these cases is high.