Scientists talked about the process of melting glaciers on the territory of the Kolyma. Hydrologists report that temperature change studies have been completed in the Magadan Region.
The most massive of the Amyngynda ice located in the region was described by specialists back in the 1960s. It is composed of layers of ice and snow that have been compressed over a thousand years. At the same time, 20 years ago, the total permafrost area was 8 square kilometers, and today it is almost 2 times less. Scientists have measured the thickness of ice in various areas, processed the collected information, built graphical diagrams of changes in temperature and melting rates.
Hydrologists report that based on their analysis, there is a risk that the ice will soon disappear. The climate shows dramatic changes throughout Kolyma. Sergei Guly, working at the station of the Permafrost Institute, said that the observations have been going on since 2007. Measurements show that an increase in temperature is recorded at depths of 20 m. It is quite large in comparison with 1990, when the growth rate was 0.4 degrees. These changes are quite significant.
Hydrologists say that additional ice thickness checks will be carried out during the winter. In addition, monitoring of the planet's climate will continue. Experts will provide advice for workers in the construction industry in the region, including advice on how to build roads in a thawed permafrost.