Scientists representing the German Institute for Nutrition Research conducted an experiment in which they found that short stature is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. At the same time, in tall volunteers, a large waist circumference had a negative impact on health.
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Tall people have increased sensitivity to insulin and beta cell functions. In turn, a person with short stature has a high risk of heart and vascular diseases, which are also relevant for type 2 diabetes.
In the experiment, researchers involved 27,548 people: 16,644 women, whose age ranged from 35 to 65 years, and 10,904 men, from 40 to 65 years old. A variety of physical metrics were collected from the study participants, including weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure, and leg length. As a result of the experiment, it was found that the risk of type 2 diabetes decreases for every 10 cm of additional height: by 41% in men and 33% in women. People of normal weight had a strong relationship between height and risk of disease: 86% lower in men and 67% lower in women.
In overweight or obese volunteers, every 10 cm of growth showed a 36% reduction in the risk of illness in men and 30% in women. Scientists have come to the conclusion that the increased waist circumference nullifies the positive effect of tall stature.