A large number of different natural disasters happen on Earth, including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and storms. With the help of modern science, scientists have succeeded in developing the Earth Simulator 4 supercomputer that helps predict the activity of the planet.
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Earth Simulator 4 will be created by researchers representing the Marine Science and Technology Agency in Japan. The construction will be carried out by NEC, one of the world's largest telecommunications companies. It uses vector SX-Aurora TSUBASA and NVIDIA A100 GPUs with tensor cores connected to the NVIDIA Mellanox InfiniBand network.
This development is a representative of the fourth generation. Earth Simulators 1 and 2 launched in 2002 and 2009, and Earth Simulator 3 launched in 2015. The simulator had a performance of 1.3 petaflops. Earth Simulator 4 will have a performance of up to 19.5 petaflops, which is 15 times the previous generation. The device will not only be able to predict climatic changes and the occurrence of natural disasters, but will also allow researchers to understand the causal relationship in the movement of the earth's crust and earthquakes.
The creators of Earth Simulator 4 plan to report the information received to the government of different states, thereby reducing the destructive influence of nature on the economy and social sphere of people. With the help of a technological leap, it turned out to reduce the area that the computer occupied by 2 times. The system should be launched in March 2021.