Research, available to readers of the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, has shown that irritability and sarcasticity increase the risk of death from a heart attack. Rethinking your behavior can have a positive effect.
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Hostility is a complex of affects that includes emotions such as anger, resentment, disgust, dislike, irritability, and sarcasticity. According to the author of the work Tracy Vitori from the University of Tennessee, we are not talking about isolated cases, but about qualities that have already become an integral part of a person's character. Moreover, rethinking your behavior has a positive effect and improves the prospects of patients with cardiovascular problems.
The study, which found this unexpected relationship, was conducted with the participation of 2,300 people who had already experienced a heart attack. The average age of the respondents was 67, and 68% of them were men. Their initial level of hostility was determined using the Multiple Adjectives Checklist. 57% of the subjects were recognized as such. After that, they were placed under surveillance for two years.
It turned out that hostility was an independent predictor of death from a second heart attack after taking into account other factors influencing health risks: age, gender, education, marital status, as well as the presence of bad habits, diabetes and hypertension.
Previously, scientists from the Netherlands Institute of Neurobiology found that when orders are followed, guilt for the consequences decreases.