Scientists from UrFU taught the heart to independently fight arrhythmia, which annually causes millions of deaths around the world. To save lives, Russian experts suggested using the electricity stored by the organ.
Arrhythmia is a pathology. Violation of the heart rhythm occurs when the electrical impulses that provoke organ contractions begin to work incorrectly. As the scientists explained, in the human body there are a large number of receptor bundles that control the processes occurring in the human body. The most unpredictable of these is the formation of oncological tumors. The body is unable to control and block it, so the number of cancer patients continues to grow. In the same category, doctors include various types of arrhythmias that provoke sudden cardiac death. Russian experts decided to teach the organ to independently recognize and prevent failure. The authors of the study suggested using electricity for this, but not an external current, but stored by the heart. This method can become not only painless, but also an effective method of treatment.
As explained by experts, in the heart electrically charged particles are ions of potassium and sodium. Moreover, there are more of the latter in the blood than in the organ itself. The ion channels penetrating the cell membrane allow sodium ions to enter the heart cells from the blood, and electricity is generated due to the difference in concentration. Scientists have created a computer model of ion channels. This work took several years.
As a result, a channel was obtained that can open during arrhythmia and fibrillation in response to overexcitation. Thus, the current flowing through it can block the failure. Scientists continue their research. They propose to embed such channels using genetic engineering technologies.