Russia has blocked a declaration on nuclear disarmament at the UN
According to sources close to the negotiations, Moscow was, in particular, against the points relating to the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant, which is occupied by Russian troops
Russia blocked the adoption of a joint declaration following the results month-long UN conference on a nuclear disarmament treaty, with Moscow condemning what it called the “political” aspects of the text.
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which is reviewed every five years by the parties to the agreement, is aimed at preventing the spread of nuclear weapons, promoting complete disarmament and developing cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy. Representatives of 191 countries have now put their signatures under the agreement.
The parties to the agreement gathered at the UN headquarters in New York on August 1 and began negotiations. The final session took place last Friday, with its start delayed by a few hours.
After all, conference president Gustavo Zlauvinen of Argentina said that the participants were “unable to reach an agreement” after Russia disagreed with the text.
The representative of Russia, Igor Vishnevetsky, said that the more than 30-page draft of the final text “was not balanced.”
“Our delegation has one key objection to some points that are overtly political in nature,” he said, adding that Russia was not the only country that disagreed with the text.
According to sources close to the negotiations, Moscow was, in particular, against the points relating to the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, which has been occupied by Russian troops since March.
The latest draft text expresses “serious concern” about military actions around Ukrainian power plants, including the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, as well as Ukraine’s loss of control over such facilities and the negative impact on security.
Neutral Austria condemned on Saturday the attitude towards the negotiations of all major powers, not just Russia.
“Despite the fact that three-quarters of the 191 signatories of the treaty support real progress in the field of nuclear disarmament, the resistance is mainly from the nuclear-weapon states, and above all Russia,” the authorities said in Vienna.
Authorities The Austrians noted that, contrary to treaty obligations, Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States are improving or expanding their stockpiles of nuclear weapons.
“During the negotiations in New York, there was no noticeable willingness to fulfill previously outstanding treaty obligations” , added Austrian representatives.
During the conference, participants discussed a number of other sensitive topics, including Iran's nuclear program and nuclear testing in North Korea.
At the last review conference in 2015 At the opening of the conference, the UN Secretary-General António Guterres warned that the world was facing a “nuclear danger, nevi given since the Cold War.”
“Today, humanity is one misunderstanding, one miscalculation, from nuclear annihilation,” said Guterres.