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US President Joe Biden with Chinese President Xi Jinping at Filoli Estate, on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit ) in Woodside, California.
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Joe Biden and Xi Jinping have reestablished on Wednesday a dialogue that had been pending for a year, but the leaders of the two largest world powers also reported differences that seem insurmountable, particularly on Taiwan.
Tellingly, the American president said at the conclusion of a press conference, although intended to welcome the outcome of the summit, that he still considered his Chinese counterpart to be a dictator.
He is a dictator in the sense that here is a man who runs a country, a communist country, which is based on a form of government totally different from ours, he said, using an expression which aroused the Beijing's anger in the past.
The meeting will, however, lead to a resumption of high-level military communications, suspended for more than a year , the two superpowers said.
The four-hour summit, held in a plush residence about forty kilometers from San Francisco, was constructive and productive, according to Joe Biden.
The 80-year-old Democrat assured that the two men could pick up the phone and speak directly and immediately in the event of a crisis.
Because the meeting, intended to give an impression of newfound serenity – Joe Biden and Xi Jinping, for example, briefly showed themselves to the photographers during a short walk in a pretty garden – did not obviously resolved no substantive dispute.
President Xi has certainly agreed to take, according to the Americans, a certain number of significant measures to considerably reduce supplies of fentanyl components.
This powerful synthetic opiate produced with chemical compounds originating in particular from China causes tens of thousands of overdoses each year in the United States.
The announcement is welcome for Joe Biden, campaigning for a second term and regularly accused by his Republican opponents of not doing enough against drug trafficking. /p>
Washington and Beijing have also decided to mobilize a group of experts to discuss the risks linked to artificial intelligence.
Xi Jinping, faced with a degraded economic and social situation in China, does not want to appear weakened, particularly with regard to Taiwan.
The status of the island, of which Beijing claims sovereignty, and where a presidential election will soon take place, remains a central subject of friction.
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US President Joe Biden shakes hands of Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Filoli estate, on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit.
On Wednesday, Joe Biden asked Xi to respect the electoral process and confirmed the deliberately ambiguous line of the United States: no support for independence, but refusal of a takeover by force. p>
The Chinese president, for his part, urged his counterpart to stop arming Taiwan, since reunification is inevitable, according to him, a source from the Chinese diplomacy.
Washington also expects China, a close partner of Iran and Russia, to not aggravate major international crises : the conflict between Israel and Hamas as well as the war in Ukraine.
The two men had a meeting with their respective delegations, then a small working lunch – tarragon chicken and almond cake on the menu – and finally a one-on-one walk, clearly organized for the photographers and cameras.
A summit adjusted to the millimeter, after weeks of negotiations, in an estate nestled in the Californian hills, which served, for the record, a setting for the poisonous intrigues of the king of the 1980s soap opera,
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US President Joe Biden and the President Chinese Xi Jinping attend a bilateral meeting at Filoli Estate on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit.
The American president called, at the start of the meeting, to manage the rivalry responsibly, to ensure that it does not degenerate into conflict.
Xi Jinping, who warned against the unbearable consequences of a confrontation, estimated, according to an English translation, that China and the United States could not turn their backs on each other.
The planet is big enough for our two countries to prosper, he assured, while Washington and Beijing engage in fierce competition, that it whether economic, technological, strategic or military.
However, he informed Joe Biden that American economic sanctions harm China's legitimate interests, according to a state media.
Xi Jinping and Joe Biden last spoke in November 2022, on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Bali.
The bilateral relationship then continued to deteriorate, even threatening to be seriously derailed with the flight over American territory by a Chinese balloon at the start of the year.< /p>
Washington had denounced a spying operation, which China had denied.
In March, the Chinese president denounced an American strategy of encirclement, while the United States is strengthening its alliances in the Asia-Pacific and piling economic sanctions on China.
However, the tone softened enough in the summer to allow the organization of the Californian face-to-face.