The unicameral systems of Peru and Ecuador have the official parliamentary groups with the least weight in the correlation of legislative forces.
- Peru is the South American country in which a minister lasts the least | REPORT
Government benches have less weight in the region's unicameral systems .
Free Peru, the party with which President Pedro Castillocame to power, registers the largest division in his first year of parliamentary management. Its small number of members also makes it one of the least influential ruling groups in South America.
In just 10 months of management, the official caucus of Free Peru has suffered the resignation of 21 of its members. The pencil party began with 37 members and now only has 16, ceasing to be the first parliamentary force. In addition, the breakup of the government group has favored the atomization of Congress, causing the creation of new benches.
The resignations began four months later for Cerrón to take over as spokesperson. The first to leave was Guillermo Bermejo: “I have resigned on principle, I believe that the ways and means in which some of the congressmen in the caucus are treated exceed any limit of tolerance . There are many things that I keep quiet about because I don't want to disturb the political scene anymore.”.
Since then, there have been 20 resignations in Free Peru, becoming the most divided party in more than 20 years. In just one year of management, the ruling party lost 54% of its composition. The parliamentary group had already been showing its fissures in the voting, where they were divided into almost 50% of the votes.
From the side of the cerronismo, the only response to the resignations has been: “We have no casualties to regret”.
In South America, the unicameral systems present the official factions with less weight.
Not seen such a big parliamentary rupture in a start of management in Peru since the period 2006-2007. At that time, the opposition group Partido Nacionalista-UPP split from 45 to 22 in just one year. In other words, 23 of its members resigned.
In the case of Perú Libre, its rupture has led to the creation of three new parliamentary groups: Democratic Party, Teachers' Block and Peru Bicentennial. The last former official Óscar Zea, who also served as Minister of Agrarian Development, chose to join the Podemos caucus.
Perú Libre is the weakest and most divided factions in the region. In less than a year, it suffered the resignation of 21 of its members.
For the specialist in parliamentary issues, Martin Cabrera, the division of Perú Libre arises from the difficulties that the factions had to obtain benefits of the government.
“Within the caucus there were factions that perceived they did not have the full attention of the government, according to their claims, gifts, jobs, streamlining of bills, positions in the Executive. Now they will be able to speak with the president Pedro Castillo directly and at the same level they deem convenient”, he explained.
At stake is not only the relationship with the Government Palace, but also the election of the new Board of Directors and the distribution of the presidencies of the 24 ordinary commissions that Parliament has.
“The one who is most affected is the ruling group itself, because if they want to reach the Board of Directors they will have to come up with a minimum agenda to agree with their former colleagues. And if they did not reach agreements when they were together, they have fewer incentives now that they are separated. The atomization benefits the opposition more, which can gradually raise commitments”, Martin Cabrera referred.
The director of Parliamentary Affairs of the consulting firm 50+1 warned that, in principle, it might seem easier for Pedro Castillo to negotiate with these new groups. However, as there is no programmatic agenda, there are only particular interests and “it will become more expensive for the government to achieve the adhesion of these groups.”