Israeli armored vehicles are moving in the south of the Jewish state, not far from the border with the Gaza Strip.
In response, Israel promised to destroy Hamas, in power since 2007 in the Gaza Strip, considered a terrorist organization by the United States, the European Union and Israel in particular. In parallel with its campaign of devastating airstrikes, the army has been carrying out a ground offensive against Hamas since October 27, initially concentrated in northern Gaza and then extended to the entire territory. p>
The army announced on Monday that 101 soldiers had died since the start of the ground offensive.
A seven-day truce from November 24 to December 1 freed 105 hostages held by Hamas and affiliated groups since October 7, 80 of whom were exchanged for 240 Palestinian prisoners held by Israel.
< p class="StyledBodyHtmlParagraph-sc-48221190-4 hnvfyV">Hamas warned on Sunday that none of the 137 hostages still held in Gaza would come out alive without an exchange and negotiation, and without meeting the demands resistance.
According to the Hamas Ministry of Health, nearly 18,000 people died in the bombardments on Gaza, the vast majority women and those under the age of 18.
In the south, hundreds of thousands of civilians are now forced into a cramped area near the closed border with Egypt, some of them forced to move several times as the fighting spreads.
According to the UN, more than half of homes have been destroyed or damaged by the war in the Gaza Strip, where 1.9 million people have been displaced, or 85% of the population.
Israeli army asked civilians to go to safe areas to escape fighting .
A unilateral declaration by an occupying power that lands without infrastructure, food, water, health care […] are "safe zones" does not mean they are, said the UN humanitarian coordinator for the Palestinian Territories, Lynn Hastings, whose visa was not renewed by Israel.
Thousands of Gazans are fleeing however they can: by car or truck, sometimes by cart or on foot.
Rafah, on the Egyptian border, s& #x27;was transformed into a gigantic camp for displaced people where hundreds of tents were hastily set up with pieces of wood, plastic sheeting and sheets.
Oum Mohammed al-Jabri, a 56-year-old woman staying with her brother in Rafah, lost seven children in a strike on their house in the middle of the night.
Everything is gone. I have four children left out of 11. We went from Gaza to Khan Younes and then we were moved to Rafah. That night they bombed the house and destroyed it. They said Rafah would be a safe place. There is no safe place, she told AFP.
According to Abu Tareq Sobh, the 55-year-old owner, the house was hit by two missiles at 2 a.m. The bombing left ten people dead and dozens injured, according to the Hamas Ministry of Health. #x27;UN (Ocha), tens of thousands of displaced people arriving in Rafah since December 3 are facing dire conditions, in overcrowded places, both inside and outside the shelters.
Crowds wait for hours around aid distribution centers, people desperately need food, water, water ;shelter, care and protection, while the absence of latrines adds to the risks of spreading disease, Ocha added.
Since October 9, Israel has imposed a total siege on the Gaza Strip. Arrivals from Egypt of food, medicine and fuel remain very insufficient according to the UN, and cannot be transported beyond Rafah.
In the north, thousands of displaced people have also set up tents around the premises of the UN agency for Palestinian refugees (UNRWA) in the Al-Rimal sector, ;west of Gaza City, fleeing incessant bombings, according to an AFP correspondent.
Waste is piling up in this makeshift camp. In the surrounding area, dozens of houses and shops were destroyed, including the buildings of the Islamic University and the neighboring Al-Azhar University.
We fled on Saturday and set up a tent. There is no water. There is no electricity, no bread, no milk or diapers for the children. It's a calamity, Rami Al-Dahdouh, a 23-year-old tailor, now unemployed, from the Tel al-Hawa neighborhood, told AFP.
After the failure of the UN Security Council on Friday to vote for an immediate humanitarian ceasefire due to Washington's veto of the resolution, the Assembly General is scheduled to meet on Tuesday to discuss the situation in Gaza.
The draft text seen by AFP on Sunday largely repeats the resolution rejected on Friday. Noting the catastrophic humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip, the text demands an immediate humanitarian ceasefire and the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages.
The war has also increased tensions in the region, particularly on Israel's northern border with southern Lebanon, where the Shiite movement Hezbollah, an ally of Hamas, is very established. The Israeli army reported new rocket fire from Lebanon on Monday, prompting an artillery response.
In Syria, Israeli aircraft carried out strikes in the suburbs of Damascus during the night, which targeted Hezbollah sites and left four dead, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH). ).