At the southern tip of the territory, the town of Rafah, on the border with Egypt, is home to huge camps where refugees try to protect themselves from the winter cold in makeshift shelters.
The war caused immense destruction, knocked out most hospitals and drove 1.9 million people from their homes, or 85% of the population, according to the UN.
Many fled several times, pushed onto the roads by the advance of the fighting and the army's evacuation orders, without you might as well escape the incessant bombardments.
At the southern tip of the territory, the town of Rafah, on the border with Egypt, is home to huge camps where refugees are trying to protect themselves from the winter cold in makeshift shelters.
We went to the market to buy a mattress, but we couldn't find one . We are two families of 16. We sleep on nylon, without mattresses or blankets. Even if it's a second-hand mattress, we'll sleep on it. The most important thing is to protect children from the cold.
A quote from Balqees Sulaiman Abu Shehab, moved to the city of Rafah.
Palestinians who had found refuge in a UN school in the Nousseirat camp fled once again to the south on Wednesday, loading mattresses, blankets and luggage on carts or on the roof of their cars.
Even UN schools are no longer safe. First we were moved to Nousseirat, then to Rafah. People don't know where to go anymore, said one man, adding: Our message to the whole world is: put in place a ceasefire.
Humanitarian aid, whose entry into Gaza is controlled by Israel, only arrives in very limited quantities. A resolution adopted on December 22 by the UN Security Council, demanding the delivery of immediate and large-scale aid, remains ineffective.
In addition to the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces increased raids in the occupied West Bank during the night, particularly in Jenin and Ramallah, where the Palestinian Authority is headquartered , according to the official Wafa agency.
A Palestinian was killed at dawn on Thursday during an army incursion into Ramallah, during which exchange houses accused by Israel of transferring money to Hamas been searched, according to the agency.
Israeli Chief of Staff Herzi Halevi indicated that his army was at a very high level of readiness for an expansion of fighting in the north, where exchanges of fire between Israel and Hezbollah, an ally of Hamas and supported by Iran, are daily.
Deployed on the border between Israel and the Gaza Strip, the Israeli army also says it is preparing to an expansion of fighting in the north, where exchanges of fire with Hezbollah are daily.
Near the Lebanese border, in the Golan annexed by Israel, a drone crashed during the night, AFP told AFP on Thursday. #x27;Israeli army after a nebula of fighters from pro-Iran armed groups claimed an attack on this sector.
Iran on Wednesday threatened Israel with direct actions and others carried out by the resistance front following the death Monday in a strike in Syria, which it blames on Israel, of Razi Moussavi, one of his senior officers.
After a one-week truce at the end of November, negotiated by Qatar with the support of the United States and Egypt, efforts to achieve a new pause in the fighting remain ineffective. This truce allowed the release of 105 hostages and 240 Palestinian prisoners held by Israel, as well as the entry into Gaza of a large volume of humanitarian aid.
A new call for a ceasefire came Thursday from Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez. We demand an end to hostilities and a permanent ceasefire, he declared during a visit to Iraq. Qatar's Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani met this week with US President Joe Biden to discuss the efforts needed to achieve a permanent ceasefire, according to Doha.
But both camps remain intransigent. Hamas, classified as a terrorist organization by the United States, the European Union and Israel in particular, demands an end to the fighting before any negotiations on new releases of hostages. Israel is open to the idea of a truce, but rules out any ceasefire before the elimination of the Islamist movement.