In Antarctica, scientists have discovered a new species of microbes in the subglacial lake. The latter were in self-isolation for several million years, as reported at PNPI.
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We are talking about Lake Vostok, samples from which were studied by specialists. They were extracted from depths exceeding 3.7 thousand meters. The fourth type of bacteria is called 3721v34-24. Like their Antarctic neighbors, they have no ties with the genera and families of microbes already known to the scientific world. At the same time, representatives of Bacteroidetes can be attributed to the closest “relatives” of the finds, since in this case the greatest similarity in genomes is observed.
The East is an underwater body of water hidden from view at a depth of about 4 km. The lake's ecosystem remained isolated for a couple of million years. Scientists from Russia and Great Britain proved the existence of the East back in 1996, and its research has continued since then.