Initially, doctors said that the coronavirus affects, first of all, the human respiratory system, then it became known that it negatively affects other organs. Now an article has appeared on the pages of the publication Nature, in which scientists warn that COVID-19 can provoke mental disorders.
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Scientists cannot yet understand how the infection gets to the brain. At the same time, experts have information that the coronavirus provokes mental disorders. In a new publication, they cite the story of one patient. A 55-year-old woman suddenly began to see lions and monkeys in the room where she was. Then she became aggressive and stated that her husband was an impostor. Psychosis at this age develops extremely rarely, moreover, the patient did not have such diseases, but she was diagnosed with COVID-19. The first message that the infection is destroying the brain came back in April. Some of the infected patients were unaware of what was happening, were agitated and disoriented. Also, cases were recorded when patients developed tumors and inflammation of the brain tissues. At the same time, the neurological symptoms in some infected people became more and more irreversible and dire.
According to the neurologist Alisson Muotri from the University of California, the list of complications from coronavirus includes stroke, memory loss, cerebral hemorrhage, but doctors cannot determine the cause of these disorders. SARS-CoV-2 probably infects the main organ of the nervous system. This may be due to overstimulation of the immune system, but it is important to understand the mechanisms of the disease here. This opinion is confirmed by the neurologist Benedict Michael of the University of Liverpool. To date, a team has analyzed medical histories of 125 infected Britons with neurological and mental disorders. They had hemorrhages, confusion, encephalitis and mental disorders. Moreover, these were not necessarily people at risk.
Doctors say they do not yet know the exact number of such patients. Given that the coronavirus has been diagnosed in about 28 million people, it can be assumed that up to 50,000 infected people have faced this type of disorder. Scientists note that there has not been a pandemic of this magnitude on the planet since 1918. New clinical trials and necropsies will help answer these questions. Experts are aware of how serious challenges COVID-19 posed for them, but they argue that they are ready to fight this still very little-studied infection.