By 2027, NASA is going to implement the Venus-D project, which involves a trip to the planet. Life on its surface is impossible, while existence in the atmosphere seems to be quite real.
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The Venera-D mission is a Russian initiative, but Japanese, Italian and German specialists can also join it. Some time ago, NASA's Mariner 10 probe photographed the planet in ultraviolet light. Scientists, examining the images, found numerous stripes, the nature of which remains to be explained.
To explore Venus, an orbital vehicle will be sent to it, which will monitor for at least three years, and a lander, which will function for about a month. Such a short service life is due to the extreme conditions on the planet's surface: pressure of 90 atmospheres and a temperature of 450 ° C. Several simple ground stations will collect data.
Each of the countries that have joined the mission proposes their own developments, which may be useful: Japan will provide cameras capable of operating in infrared and ultraviolet ranges, Italy – two spectrometers, and Germany – a camera for examining the surface of the nightbeat.
Earlier, Roskosmos specialists began working on the project of the reusable space tug Nuclon.