NASA launched its historic mission to the moon with Artemis I, after several complications

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The goal is to test the capabilities of the SLS rocket and the Orion spacecraft before a manned voyage initially scheduled for 2024. At your return to earth its heat shield, the largest ever built, will have to withstand a temperature equivalent to half the surface of the sun when it passes through the atmosphere

This is how NASA's next-generation moon rocket took off.

The team in charge of the NASA Artemis I mission, which aims to pave the way for the < b>lunar exploration, gave the go-ahead for the launch from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral (Florida) after reviewing the latest data.

“We reviewed our vehicle configuration from the top of the spacecraft to the bottom of the rocket, including the flight termination system and the batteries that we already reset,” Jim Free, associate administrator for NASA for the development of exploration systems.

Those responsible for the mission assured that a series of problems derived from the passage of Hurricane Nicole< /b> by Cape Canaveral last week, which forced the delay of the previous launch attempt, scheduled for this Monday.

Initially the system sealing kit to abort a launch was left loose by Nicole's winds battering the space center platform where the huge and expensive SLS rocket with the Orion capsule at its tip took off.

NASA launched its historic mission to the moon with Artemis I, after various complications

Those responsible for the mission assured that a series of of problems derived from the passage of Hurricane Nicole through Cape Canaveral last week, which forced the delay of the previous launch attempt, scheduled for this Monday.

According to the mission's blog, engineers closely examined “the caulk in a seam between a warhead on the Orion launch abort system and the crew module adapter” and the potential risks if it were to become detached during the mission. launch.

Engineers determined that “there is a low probability that additional material if released would present a flight-critical risk< /b>”, indicated the US space agency.

The objective of this unmanned mission is to test the capabilities of the SLS rocket and the Orion spacecraft before a manned voyage originally scheduled for 2024.

The SLS rocket, with a taller than a 30-story building has cost NASA about 4 billion dollars.

NASA has had to delay four times < /b>the departure of the mission, two for technical reasons and another two for meteorological reasons.

NASA launched its historic mission to the moon with Artemis I, after several complications

The SLS rocket, with a height greater than a building of 30 plants has cost NASA about 4,000 million dollars. (REUTERS)

The overall goal of NASA's Artemis programis to return humans to the moon for the first time in half a century and the Artemis I mission, which is expected to be the first of many, will lay the groundwork, testing the rocket and spacecraft and all its subsystems to ensure they are safe enough for astronauts to fly to the moon and back.

Fifty years after the last Apollo mission, this unmanned test flight, which will fly over the Moon without landing on its surface, seeks to confirm if the vehicle is safe for a future crew.

This same rocket is expected to carry the first woman and the first black person to the Moon.

Launch has drawn hordes of tourists as well as locals.

Kerry Warner, 59, a semi-retired grandmother and educator living in Florida, calls the takeoff “part of United States and what the United States is”. “Third time's the charm, we'll wait for it,” she recounted.

NASA launched its historic mission to the moon with Artemis I, after several complications

Fifty years after the last Apollo mission, this unmanned test flight, which will fly over the Moon without landing on its surface, seeks to confirm whether the vehicle is safe for a future crew. (REUTERS)

The Orion capsule will be propelled by two thrusters and four powerful engines below the main section, which will separate just a few minutes later. After one last push from the upper reaches, the capsule will be on its way to the Moon, taking several days to reach.

There it will be placed in a distant orbit, even venturing as far position itself up to 64,000 km behind the Moon, farther than any other manned spacecraft to date.

Then the capsule will begin its return to the earth. Its heat shield, the largest ever built, will have to withstand a temperature equivalent to that of half the surface of the Sunl when it passes through the atmosphere.

The mission will last a total of 25 and a half days, landing in the Pacific on December 11.

(With information from EFE and AFP)< /p>

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