Mon. Feb 26th, 2024

Myanmar junta to impose military service

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Soldiers patrol the streets during the third anniversary of the coup, February 1, 2024.

Agence France-Presse

Myanmar junta took steps on Saturday to impose military service of at least two years on men aged 18 to 35 and women from 18 to 27 years old as she struggles to suppress armed resistance to the 2021 coup.

Her military service x27;information announced the entry into force of the Law on People's Military Service from February 10, 2024.

The press release specifies that the Ministry of Defense will issue the necessary regulations, procedures, orders, notifications and instructions.

However, at this stage, no details have been given on the terms of this military service.

The junta had previously indicated its intention to take steps to arm militias favorable to the regular army.

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A system of national military service including everyone is essential in the face of the situation our country is experiencing, defended a spokesperson for the junta, Zaw Min Tun, in an audio message broadcast by the junta's information service .

The law dating from 2010, adopted by the previous military power, had never been applied. It provides that the duration of military service can be increased to five years as well as prison sentences of the same duration for anyone who does not comply with their summons.

Myanmar has been in turmoil since the military putsch of February 1, 2021, which overthrew leader Aung San Suu Kyi and ended a ten-year democratic parenthesis.

No peaceful outcome seems to be in sight while the fighting has displaced more than two million civilians, according to the UN, and the repression of protesters has caused more than 4,500 deaths and more than 26,000 arrests, according to a group surveillance room.

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Myanmar's military junta in 2021 accused deposed de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi of accepting bribes and illegal gold payments while continuing a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement over where thousands of people defied tear gas, rubber bullets and live ammunition.

Tatmadaw, the regular army, has been exhausting itself for three years fighting against dozens of armed militias made up of young pro-democracy activists who have gone underground in various regions of the country.

The surprise entry into action in October in the north of a coalition of three powerful armed groups led by ethnic minorities, who had until then held back, has worsened the situation on the ground.

The Arakan Army (AA), the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance (MNDAA) and the Ta'ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) took advantage of the situation. weakening of regular forces to restart a decades-old war for control of entire territories and the important resources therein.

Their coordinated offensive inflicted an unprecedented series of setbacks on the junta in Shan State, a region close to the Chinese border in the north of the country.

Equipped with rudimentary bombs dropped from modified civilian drones, these fighters seized numerous military bases.

They also took control of two strategic trade routes with China, Myanmar's main economic partner.

Thousands of troops surrendered and some fled to India and China, sparking unusual criticism among army supporters.

Talks under the auspices of Beijing made it possible to establish a ceasefire in this area, to the advantage of the coalition of insurgents who retained their captures, starting with the border town of Laukkai, capital of gambling, prostitution and drugs.

Clashes continue, however, in other parts of the Southeast Asian country, notably in the western state of Rakhine, where the AA said on January 25 having taken the port of Pauktaw and several positions near the Indian border.

The army's defeats galvanized the armed groups pro-democracy who continue their assaults, despite summary means facing an army supported by China and Russia.

According to military sources who requested anonymity, morale is on the contrary at its lowest within the army, including among the ranks.

The 31st January, the ruling generals renewed the state of emergency for another six months, de facto once again postponing the elections promised since the February 1 coup 2021.

By admin

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