Myanmar's military junta in 2021 accused deposed de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi of accepting bribes and illegal gold payments while continuing a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement over where thousands of people defied tear gas, rubber bullets and live ammunition.
Tatmadaw, the regular army, has been exhausting itself for three years fighting against dozens of armed militias made up of young pro-democracy activists who have gone underground in various regions of the country.
The surprise entry into action in October in the north of a coalition of three powerful armed groups led by ethnic minorities, who had until then held back, has worsened the situation on the ground.
The Arakan Army (AA), the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance (MNDAA) and the Ta'ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) took advantage of the situation. weakening of regular forces to restart a decades-old war for control of entire territories and the important resources therein.
Their coordinated offensive inflicted an unprecedented series of setbacks on the junta in Shan State, a region close to the Chinese border in the north of the country.
Equipped with rudimentary bombs dropped from modified civilian drones, these fighters seized numerous military bases.
They also took control of two strategic trade routes with China, Myanmar's main economic partner.
Thousands of troops surrendered and some fled to India and China, sparking unusual criticism among army supporters.
Talks under the auspices of Beijing made it possible to establish a ceasefire in this area, to the advantage of the coalition of insurgents who retained their captures, starting with the border town of Laukkai, capital of gambling, prostitution and drugs.
Clashes continue, however, in other parts of the Southeast Asian country, notably in the western state of Rakhine, where the AA said on January 25 having taken the port of Pauktaw and several positions near the Indian border.
The army's defeats galvanized the armed groups pro-democracy who continue their assaults, despite summary means facing an army supported by China and Russia.
According to military sources who requested anonymity, morale is on the contrary at its lowest within the army, including among the ranks.
The 31st January, the ruling generals renewed the state of emergency for another six months, de facto once again postponing the elections promised since the February 1 coup 2021.