Migrants hope to cross the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe.
Libya has in recent years become the main transit point for migrants fleeing war and poverty in Africa and the Middle East, although the country x27;North Africa was plunged into chaos following an uprising that toppled and cost the life of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.
More than 2,250 people have died on the roads in Central Europe this year, according to IOM spokesperson Flavio Di Giacomo.
This is a dramatic figure which demonstrates that unfortunately not enough is being done to save lives at sea, he said. -he declared in a message on social network X.
According to an IOM census of missing migrants, at least 940 migrants were reported dead and 1,248 missing off the coast of Libya between January 1 and November 18.
Verification tracking migration movements showed that around 14,900 migrants, including more than 1,000 women and more than 530 children, were intercepted and returned to Libya this year.
In 2022, the IOM count reported 529 deaths and 848 missing off the coast of Libya. More than 24,600 people were intercepted and returned to Libya.
In recent years, human traffickers have benefited from the chaos in Libya, the passage of illegal migrants across the country's long borders , which they share with six countries.
Migrants are packed onto poorly equipped vessels, including rubber dinghies, and set off on risky sea journeys.
Those who are intercepted and returned to Libya are held in government-run detention centers, where widespread abuses, such as forced labor, rape and torture, are rife .
The abuse often accompanies attempts to extort money from the families of imprisoned migrants before allowing them to leave Libya on traffickers' boats to Europe.