Microbiota: what you need to know about it to be healthy

Microbiota: what you need to know about it to be healthy

Studying your gut microbiota is important not only for medical professionals

The state of the human body is closely related to microorganisms – this thesis has recently become especially relevant. There is a growing interest in the study of the role of microbiota in the development of various diseases in the world, and the use of probiotics for the prevention of diseases, restoration of health and an increase in the duration of an active life is being investigated.

Let's take a closer look at what it is – microbiota, what role it plays in maintaining health and longevity, and also learn the opinion of Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences Oleg Gennadievich Shadrin, President of the Association, member of the board, head of the department of nutritional problems and somatic diseases of young children of the State Institution ” Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine “.

Microbiota: what you need to know about it to be healthy

Professor, Doctor of Medicine Oleg Shadrin

Microbiota – what is it?

Our body is home to a huge variety of bacteria, viruses, fungi, yeast and protozoa. They form communities – microbiota. Each system of our organs is inhabited by its own special microbiota – intestines, skin, urinary system, vagina, respiratory tract, ENT organs.

The most voluminous – according to rough estimates about 100 trillion of microorganisms – is the intestinal microbiota. It performs many important functions, to name just a few of them. The intestinal microflora promotes digestion, participates in the synthesis of vital fatty acids, vitamins, hormones, antioxidants. It protects intestinal cells, performs detoxification and anticarcinogenic functions, supports the activity of immune systems and inhibits allergic reactions. Balance in the gut microbiota is the key to health and longevity.

Microbiota: what you need to know about it to be healthy

“The balance between gut microorganisms is fundamental to human health. Various diseases, infections, drugs, stress, changes in the environment and diet can disrupt the balance of the microbiota,” says Oleg Shadrin. “Dysbiosis, that is, an imbalance in the microbiota, can subsequently lead to the development of not only diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but also allergic reactions, diseases of metabolism, skin, musculoskeletal system, nervous and respiratory systems.”

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It should be noted that the partnership of microorganisms in the intestine begins from birth. The baby's body is colonized by the mother's flora as it passes through the birth canal, and breastfeeding promotes the growth of beneficial microflora. Therefore, the microbiota of babies born by caesarean section or who are bottle-fed is significantly different in composition and less diverse than in babies “walking” in a natural way.

“Today, there is evidence of the programming effect of a child's microbiota on long-term health, including in adulthood,” – says the professor.

Probiotics for microbiota

To maintain a balance in the gut microbiota, it is important to live a healthy lifestyle and eat a varied diet.

“The intestinal microbiota of a healthy person largely depends on the nature of the diet and dietary habits. Plant foods – fruits and vegetables – and fermented dairy products improve the intestinal ecology,” says the doctor of medical sciences.

If the balance of the microbiota is disturbed, it is possible to restore it – by influencing the number and diversity of microorganisms. Probiotics have a positive effect on the microbiota. Oleg Gennadievich Shadrin explained what it is – probiotics:

“Currently in the medical literature, most authors refer to the recommendations of the World Organization of Gastroenterology, according to which probiotics are live microorganisms, which, when administered in adequate quantities, have a positive effect on the health of the host. This effect can be both local and systemic. Modern technologies allow use probiotics to correct the composition of the microbiota, prevention and treatment of diarrhea, especially arising from antibiotic treatment, prevention and treatment of allergic diseases, intestinal diseases, and so on. ”

Worldwide experience – on one platform

Interest in the role of microbiota in maintaining health and longevity is growing every year among both medical professionals and those who care about the quality of their lives. All of the knowledge currently available on this topic, including its vast experience, was gathered on the first major international platform by the Biocodex Institute for Microbiota. In late May, he joined forces in the study of microbiota with the World Gastroenterological Organization (WGO). The platform is helping to lay the foundation for a vast scientifically accurate network of microbiota data that will enable patients and healthcare professionals to learn about major advances in this area, and thus provide new opportunities for improving our health.

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