Fri. Mar 1st, 2024

The Liberal bill on AI is too vague, web giants say

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The scientific director of Mila, the Quebec Institute of Artificial Intelligence, claims that a “superhuman” machine, as intelligent as a human human, could be developed within twenty years, or even a few years.

The Canadian Press

Representatives of big tech companies say a Liberal government bill that would begin regulating some artificial intelligence (AI) systems is too vague.

Execs from Amazon and Microsoft told MPs at a meeting of the House of Commons industry committee on Wednesday that Bill C-27 does not did not sufficiently differentiate between high- and low-risk AI systems.

Companies argue that complying with the law as currently written would be costly.

Nicole Foster, director of global artificial intelligence and Canadian Public Policy at Amazon, argued that using the same approach for all applications is very impractical and could inadvertently stifle innovation.

The use of AI by a peace officer is considered to have a high impact in all cases, she noted, even when an officer uses automatic correction to complete a ticket for a traffic offense.

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Laws and regulations must clearly differentiate high-risk applications from those that pose little or no risk. This is a fundamental principle that we must respect, she insisted. We must be very careful about imposing regulatory burdens on low-risk AI applications that can potentially bring much-needed productivity gains to Canadian businesses, large and small.

Microsoft gave an example of how the law does not seem to distinguish the level of risk introduced by certain AI systems. An AI system used to approve a person's mortgage and manage sensitive details about their finances would be considered to have the same risk as one used to optimize home parcel delivery routes. x27;help from public data.

The Minister of Industry, François-Philippe Champagne, gave some information on the amendments that the government plans to make to the bill to ensure it is up to date.

Despite these additional details, the companies said the definitions contained in the bill still remained too ambiguous.

Amanda Craig, senior director of public policy at Microsoft's Office of Responsible AI, cautioned that not differentiating between the two would disperse the time, money, talent and resources of Canadian businesses – and could mean that limited resources are not sufficiently focused on the highest risks.

Bill C-27 was introduced in 2022 and aims to target what is described as high-impact AI systems, but the government has announced it will amend the bill to x27;also introduce new rules for generative artificial intelligence, such as ChatGPT.

Montreal professor Yoshua Bengio, nicknamed one of the godfathers of AI, told a Commons committee on Monday that Ottawa should immediately put in place a law, even if imperfect.

< p class="StyledBodyHtmlParagraph-sc-48221190-4 hnvfyV">The scientific director of Mila, the Quebec Institute of Artificial Intelligence, claims that a superhuman machine, as intelligent as a being human, could be developed within twenty years, or even a few years.

Advanced systems could eventually be used for cyberattacks, he added, and the law must anticipate this risk.

AI already poses risks.

Videos modified by x27;AI and hyperfaking, generated to make it appear as if a real person is doing or saying something they never did, can be used to spread disinformation, said Yoshua Bengio.

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