Japan on the verge of being unable to function as a society: Prime Minister Kishida named the reason
Japan's Prime Minister says his country is on the verge of being unable to function as a society due to falling birth rates. According to him, this issue should be resolved “now or never”.
Japan is facing a demographic challenge. Over the past decades, life expectancy has increased, and the number of older people has become much larger, while the number of workers providing them, on the contrary, is decreasing, BBC reports.
According to experts, less than 800 thousand children were born in Japan last year. At the same time, the population of the country is 125 million. For example, in the 1970s, the birth rate exceeded 2 million.
“Japan is on the verge of whether we can continue to function as a society”,< /em> — said Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.
According to the World Bank, Japan ranks second in the world in terms of the number of people aged 65 and over. They make up about 28% of the total population. First place goes to Monaco.
"Focusing on child policy and parenting— it is a matter that cannot wait and is not delayed", — added the prime minister.
He says he wants the government to double its spending on child-related programs after all. A new government agency will be set up in April to deal with this issue.
The Japanese government has tried to promote similar strategies before, but to no avail.
In 2020, researchers predicted that Japan's population would fall from a peak of 128 million in 2017 to less than 53 million by the end of the century.
Japan continues to implement strict immigration laws despite some easing, but experts now they say the rules should be further simplified to help tackle an aging society.
The country's falling birth rate is due to a number of factors, including rising living costs, more women studying and working, and greater access to contraception, leading women to decide to delay motherhood or not have children at all.
The birth rate is also declining in another Asian country. More and more young Chinese do not want to have children. This week, the Chinese authorities announced that the country had entered an era of negative population growth. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the population of the Middle Kingdom decreased by 850 thousand people to 1.41 billion in 2022.
Prepared by: Sergey Daga