An article by the CSTO provides that when one of the member countries suffers aggression, the rest intervene to defend it. However, the Armenian president denounced that no one collaborated with his country in the war with Azerbaijan
The president of Russia , Vladimir Putin
Russia, in addition to military difficulties in Ukraine, faces internal tensions in the Treaty Organization Collective Security (OTSC), the military alliance promoted by Moscow to maintain its sphere of influence in the Caucasus and Central Asia.
During a TSC summit In Yerevan (Armenia), the Armenian Prime Minister, Nikol Pashinyan, denounced the inability of his allies to help his country in the war with Azerbaijan, with whom control of the Nagorno Karabagh region is disputed.
An article by the CTO < /b>provides that, when one of the member countries suffers aggression, the rest intervene to defend it, a logic similar to that established by NATO.
However Despite its repeated requests, Armenia did not receive military aid from its allies.
Pashinián denounced that this means “ enormous damage to the image of the CSTO, both in our country and abroad.”
In addition to its non-intervention in Armenia, Russia's role as a regional and world power has been undermined by its military's difficulties in Ukraine, according to its historical allies.
“I think that We all think the same thing: if Russia sinks – God forbid – our place will be under the rubble,” said Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko, an ally of his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin.
Belarusian dictator Alexander Lukashenko, Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan
“Russia is continually losing ground. Confidence is weakening,” Murat Aslat, a researcher at the Seta study center, based in Ankara, told AFP b>.
On the other hand, Turkey, which supports Azerbaijan in the war with Armenia , advances its pawns to strengthen its influence in Central Asia.
In addition to Russia, Armenia and Belarus< /b>, are also part of the CSTO Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
Many of these countries doubt, however, about the future of this organization, even more considering the recent territorial tensions between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
“ There is more and more competition and violations instead of true cooperation and organization”, considers Murat, who observes “a lack of identity and consensus on common problems”.
The Russian authorities are officially satisfied with the outcome of the recent TSCTO summit.
This organization serves to “guarantee the defense of our national interests and the sovereignty and independence of our countries,” Putin said.
But the Russian press was less satisfied.
“Allies have different priorities”, headlined the daily Kommersant and the Nezavissimaia Gazeta newspaper on Wednesday.he assured that “in Yerevan they tried to save the alliance from a dislocation”, given the divergent concerns and interests and the lack of solidarity between the member countries.
Richard Giragosia, director of the Regional Studies Center think tank, based in Yerevan, renames this alliance somewhat sardonically “a collective insecurity treaty organization.”
This analyst believes that Putin is primarily responsible for its decline.
The future of the CSTO cannot be predicted, but the loss of influence of Russia opens the door for other regional or world powers to increase their influence in Central Asia, such as Turkey or China.
The Asian giant bases its geopolitical influence through the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and its “new silk roads” project.
(With information from AFP)