In 2022, the number of Argentines who applied for residency in Uruguay dropped but remains higher than before the pandemic
It was 42% lower than in the boom of 2021. They assign the end of the restrictions due to the pandemic as the cause of the decline, although it still remains in important numbers
Argentines opt more for permanent residence, according to data from the Uruguayan government.
The end of the health emergency imposed by Covid 19 is the great cause that the Uruguayan government points to for understand the drop that occurred in the last year in the number of Argentines who applied for residence to live in that country.
In 2022, 7,209 residence applications were received from Argentines. The figure is 42% less than the amount received in 2021, when 12,489 applications had been registered. Although the figure is substantially lower than the previous year, the number of Argentines interested in residing in Uruguay is greater compared to the years before the pandemic, according to reports < i>M24 radio.
For example, in 2020 there were 6,816 applications processed, 2,042 in 2019, 1,482 in 2018, 2,147 in 2017 and 3,063 in 2016. The need to process residence was a requirement that arose from the pandemic, due to the closure of borders< /b>. The majority of residency applications indicate that people will settle in Montevideo, Ciudad de la Costa and Maldonado, according to information from the Uruguayan Foreign Ministry.
Analysts agree that this increase was due to the pandemic-due to the strict sanitary measures in place in Argentina- and also due to the socioeconomic instability that worsened after the sanitary emergency.
Punta del Este as a destination
The place where the increase in Argentines is observed is in Maldonado, evidenced in the increase in affiliations to local mutuals and enrollment in private educational institutes
Increase in Argentines living all year in Punta del Este is seen in enrollments in private schools and health centers.
According to data from the Municipality of Maldonado, of the 220,000 inhabitants in this department, 25,000 are Argentines. Soledad Laguarda, General Director of Urban Planning for the commune, told El País that there are two elements that show the increase in people who came to live in Maldonado. Something that was promoted, among other things, by the increase in teleworking after the pandemic.
On the one hand, in the winters of 2021 and 2022 there was a noticeable increase in commercial activity.“During the low season in Punta del Este, a high percentage of restaurants and cafeterias used to close, but in the last two winters it was seen that they worked all year long,” said Laguarda.
Likewise, there was growth in the city of Maldonado in terms of permanent housing construction and this also occurred in the private neighborhoods of the resorts.
Why the migratory flow occurs
Soledad Sánchez, administrative coordinator of the National Directorate of Migrations and a reference for the residence department, explained to El País that the increase in the residency process among Argentines also increased because In the years before the pandemic, many of them traveled to Uruguay without having a residence, but when the borders were closed in 2020 and 2021 and the only ones who entered were residents, they saw the need to process it.
The Argentines will settle in Montevideo, Ciudad de la Costa and Maldonado.
In this sense, Sánchez stressed that the fact that Argentine citizens Applying for residency does not mean that they are living in Uruguay.
Most Argentines apply for permanent residency, something that is done at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs, but some also choose to request the temporary one, which is granted by the National Directorate of Migrations of the Ministry of the Interior, since the process is usually faster in this office.
The temporary residence allows them to reside for two years with an extension to four. In 2022, 786 requests of this type were initiated. In general, when the four-year term is up, Argentines change to permanent residence. “By 2021, many people have finally made the decision to come and live in Uruguay,” said Sánchez.
After the Argentines, those who submitted the most applications were the Venezuelan, with 2,613 procedures initiated last year; followed by the Cubans with 2,026.