Experts told how the fastest VAZ cars were created in the USSR. Civil and law enforcement models were quite different in development.
Image via: commons.wikimedia.org
The domestic machine-building industry during the years of the USSR has never been strong in the production of passenger cars. However, when needed, businesses could make powerful and fast vehicles. True, they were intended only for law enforcement agencies. These models were produced not only at AvtoVAZ. So, in this respect, GAZ did not lag behind. The KGB machines were called “catch-ups”, and they were developed even with the appearance of their own mechanical engineering in the USSR. But the real power structures became interested in them after the Second World War, when the cold war began between the socialists and capitalists.
First of all, such cars were needed for domestic consumption. They tracked enemy scouts and ambassadors. The appearance of the “catch-ups” hardly differed from the exterior of civilian transport. Moreover, on the contrary, the most popular and nondescript cars were selected for this role.
But under the hood there were significant differences in the engine and gearbox from the production models. If not for the creation in the 1920s by Felix Wankel of a rotary-piston internal combustion engine with increased efficiency, these cars might not exist at all. Later, the Japanese developed its technology, and several of their vehicles with RPD were delivered to the USSR. The contents of the models were studied, and already in the early 1970s, a single-section unit was invented by domestic engineers. The first pancake turned out to be a lump, but later the engine was modified, and by the end of the decade, all KGB cars were equipped with the most modern engines at that time.