COP28 President Sultan al-Jaber surrounded by UN climate chief Simon Stiell and the chief negotiator for the Arab Emirates united, Hana Al-Hashimi, during the closing of the United Nations climate summit in Dubai.
Catherine Abreu, a leading voice in Canadian climate policy circles, said Wednesday's agreement marked an extraordinary turning point for negotiations that for 30 years had focused on emissions, not their cause. .
Two years ago, the draft agreement from the Glasgow summit was the first to mention the use of fossil fuels, but limited it to coal. The Dubai agreement therefore constitutes the first negotiated text covering all fossil fuels, after the failure of a similar attempt at last year's summit in Egypt.
But Abreu also highlighted what she called some of the deal's shortcomings, such as only calling for a phase-out of ineffective subsidies to fossil fuels.
We will ensure that the countries most responsible for the climate crisis, like Canada, which have benefited the most from the destruction of our atmosphere through the production of fossil fuels, pay for the energy transition, wrote in a press release Ms. Abreu, director of Destination Zero, a non-profit organization working for climate justice and transitions to renewable energy.
Alberta Premier Danielle Smith, one of only two Canadian provincial leaders to attend the negotiations, said Wednesday she was encouraged by Alberta's success and of Saskatchewan to push back against the voices of those obsessed with phasing out oil and natural gas.
She also claimed that the extreme position was rejected at the conference.
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Danielle Smith, Premier of Alberta
The document agreed on Wednesday forms a central part of the 2015 Paris agreement, which requires countries to periodically assess their commitments to limit warming to the threshold of 1.5 degrees Celsius, to avoid some of the impacts the most catastrophic of climate change.
The Dubai summit marked the end of the first global stocktaking process provided for by the Paris agreement.
So far, the planet has warmed about 1.2 degrees since the mid-1800s, and scientists expect this year to be the warmest on record.
The global report highlights that countries are far from being on track to reduce their emissions in line with the target. According to current national commitments, global greenhouse gas emissions are expected to decrease by 2% by 2030 compared to 2019 levels. In an attempt to reach the 1.5 degree target, the x27;agreement recognizes the need for deep, rapid and sustainable reductions in global emissions of 43% by 2030 and 60% by 2035.
To accelerate this transition, the agreement plans to triple renewable energy capacity and double the annual energy efficiency rate by 2030.