Balance. Offers that do not materialize could trigger new social conflicts. Sessions in regions show a confrontational attitude of the Government against Congress, the business community and other actors.
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Cusco is the only department where two decentralized sessions have been held so far in the government. (Photo: Presidency)
The Executive made 238 promises in 15 decentralized sessions of the < /b>Council of Ministers, held between last October and last June 14, according to a report by the political analysis group 50+1.
Del In total, 44 were offers from President Pedro Castillo, and most are pending completion.
Among the promises made by the head of state are managing the construction of an airport in Huancavelica and a hospital in Ayacucho, building 4,000 “warm houses” for the cold in Puno, paying off the debt to teachers, implementing free admission to universities and specifying the second agrarian reform.
Political analyst Paulo Vilca, director of the 50+1 regional observatory, pointed out that in order to comply with these offers, they require aspects that the Executive does not have: large resources, an efficient and creative bureaucracy and time to carry them out.
“It is very likely that many of these promises will not materialize. […] This can generate a scenario of government weakness when the population demands compliance and social conflicts appear”, he opined.
The 238 commitments of the Executive are focused mainly on issues of infrastructure, fertilizers, agriculture, hydrocarbons and care for the environment.
Among Castillo's promises, seven involve legislative initiatives. Of these, only two have materialized to date: the presentation of a referendum bill for a new Constitution, which was later archived by the Constitution Commission of Congress, and the observation of the autograph of the University Law.< /p>
Other promises imply bills for prisoners to work and assume the expenses they they cause to the State, so that the salary of ministers, congressmen and the president is reduced, and the immunity of all officials is eliminated.
On the other hand, the report shows that the Executive has prioritized holding decentralized sessions in the central regions of the country and in the jungle, rather than in coastal areas.< /p>
Vilca added that the Government has discovered the usefulness of the decentralized councils in two aspects: to collect citizen demands and as political support to face presidential vacancy attempts or other opposition actions that they consider destabilizing.
Along the way, the sessions have evolved: the first were general and rhetorical, but the latest have developed a methodology, which involves organizing meetings between the technical teams of each ministry and area mayors to collect the demands.
However, in Vilca's opinion, so far decentralized councils have not contributed to adequate governance nor have they served to improve the quality of government decisions.
For the political analyst, the result of the decentralized sessions so far in President Castillo's government “could well be summed up in promises and confrontation.”
The analysis also confirms the confrontational attitude of the Executive against Congress, the prosecution, the media and the business sector.
Prime Minister Aníbal TorresIt is the one who testifies most frequently against the sectors mentioned. The study shows that she did it 33 times in 15 decentralized councils. He is followed by Castillo (18) and the Ministers of Culture, Alejandro Salas (8), and Environment, Modesto Montoya (7).
For For example, in the decentralized session of Cusco on April 22, Torres blamed Congress for permanently obstructing the Executive. And only six days later, at a council in Ucayali, he pointed out that there are monopolies and oligopolies that manipulate and set the prices of various foods in the basic family basket.
Meanwhile, the Minister of Education, Rosendo Serna, accused the media of maliciously broadcasting a protest outside a local in Loreto where held a decentralized council, on May 30th.
The Executive held a new decentralized session last Tuesday, this time in Arequipa. There, Prime Minister Torres assured that they will carry out the Majes Siguas II project.
“We will make every effort so that this project benefits , mainly, farmers from Arequipa”, he added.
In early June, the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) informed El Comercio that more than S/400 thousand were spent for the decentralized councils (CMD).