US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger (right) with President Richard Nixon and alongside the bombings of Hanoi, negotiations with Le Duc Tho to end the Vietnam War.
Signing a ceasefire earned him the Nobel Peace Prize with North Vietnam in 1973. But Duc Tho refused the award, one of the most controversial in history. of the Nobel.
On the contrary, Kissinger's detractors have long called for his trial for war crimes.
They denounce the more sulfurous and less open side of his foreign policy, and in particular his involvement in the massive bombings in Cambodia or his support for Indonesian President Suharto whose invasion of East Timor led to 200,000 deaths in 1975. p>
But it is above all the role of the CIA in Latin America, often under its direct leadership, which tarnishes its image, starting with the coup x27;State of 1973 in Chile which brought Augusto Pinochet to power after the death of Salvador Allende. Over the years, the archives have revealed the contours and extent of the Condor Plan for the elimination of opponents of the South American dictatorships of the 1970s and 80s.
Despite these episodes, the author of The Order of the World in 2014, father of two children and married since 1974 in a second marriage to the philanthropist Nancy Maginnes, has always remained influential.
In January 2023, he pleaded for continued support for Ukraine, which he believed should join the #x27;NATO.