Colombia's president thanked the international community for its good will, but said efforts will be insufficient if drug mafias do not lose their fuel
Gustavo Petro at the commemoration ceremony of the sixth anniversary of the signing of the peace agreement 'The Agreement for life is reborn'. (Credit: Presidency)
Regarding the sixth anniversary of the signing of the peace agreements between the FARC guerrillas and the Government of Colombia, which was held this Wednesday, November 23, President Gustavo Petro pointed out that the current policies against drug trafficking and climate change in the international environment they are an obstacle to achieving the end of the conflict in the country.
According to the president, the motive for violence is the structures of exclusion in society. However, for Petro, these structures do not depend exclusively on Colombian politics, but on the world economy. To give an example, he explained that in the framework of the twenty-seventh edition of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change —also known as COP27— the possibility of the richest countries in the world compensating the nations that suffer the climate crisis caused by them.
For him, Colombia should be one of the indemnified countries, given the ravages that citizens suffer in each environmental season at the expense of the “standard of living and the standards reached by people, sectors of those societies that live in the United States, in Western Europe , in Japan, who live much better than we do, but to achieve those levels of comfort and standard of living they use enormous per capita amounts of oil coal and produce this atmospheric transformation that today has our peasants under water.”< /p>
The president recalled having attended COP21, which took place in Paris in 2015, an event in which a fund of 100 billion dollars a year had been promised to compensate damages for the climate crisis. “Colombia has not received a dollar from that and we have already had several climatic crises, and it is possible that it will happen in the future,” explained Petro.
At this point, the head of state assured that world powers see third world countries as disposable peoples who don't matter: that is why they are indifferent to the effects of climate change, such as inequality, hunger and the appearance of lethal viruses. According to Petro, anti-drug policies are added to all these adverse conditions: he reproached that the war on drugs is doomed to fail, has caused a Dutch disease around the export of cocaine and has left a million dead in Latin America.< /p>
Regarding the latter, Petro pointed out that fentanyl —an opioid stronger than heroin— is legal in the United States and could kill 5 million citizens of that country in the next 50 years, the same period that the war against drugs has lasted. drugs in Latin America. However, according to him, there is no political interest in banning fentanyl.
“They don't focus on fentanyl. They focus on cocaine because it allows for domination of Colombia and America. Fentanyl is neither from Colombia nor from the Americas and it kills much more, but it is not the product of a concentrated policy called the war on drugs, which is the target on us,” suggested the president.
With that in mind, the president asked how long the country will have to give up its peace and development to join the international anti-drug policy. “How long do we keep putting the peasants in jail, fumigating them? How long will young people, in the low chain of the commercialization of narcotics, continue to be taken to jail? How long are we going to see an island like San Andrés, with 400 young boat pilots, stuck in United States jails? How long are they going to fill the prisons of the United States with blacks? How long are we going to maintain a type of anti-drug policy that is leading to a democratic crisis and a collapse of life throughout America? How long?” Petro questioned.
Regarding the support of foreign delegations to various peace initiatives, he mentioned that sometimes they are carried out outside the real context. Even if specific programs are financed to comply with the agreement, the violence will continue if there are still drug trafficking routes to be disputed and if there is no focus on preventing consumption.
“Colombians We are not to blame for the fact that these gaps are appearing in the most developed societies, which no longer generate affection, which no longer generate happiness in human beings for only one reason: they put them to compete like horses to produce more, be more efficient and efficient, and that is what leads to drug addiction, and drug addiction to prohibition, and prohibition to kill ourselves. It is not the path, in my opinion, the most pertinent,” Petro said.
So, for the president, even if the entire agreement is fulfilled, the war on drugs will continue to empower to the mafias and the efforts for peace—and even democracy—will be unsustainable. “This is a message that must be clear to the world: if you want peace in Colombia —and we do want it—, you have to change world policies,” he warned.