These are Ilan Goldfajn, Nicolás Eyzaguirre, Gerardo Esquivel, Cecilia Todesca and Gerard Johnson. What will the election procedure be like
People passing in front of the logo of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) during a meeting in Panama (REUTERS/Carlos Jasso /Archive)
Five Latin American candidates are competing this Sunday for the presidency of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) after the departure of its previous president, Mauricio Claver-Carone .
Without a candidate starting as a favourite, those proposed by Mexico, Chile, Brazil, Argentina and Trinidad and Tobago will be submitted to the scrutiny of the Assembly of Governors, made up of the 48 Ministers of Economy< /b> and other economic authorities from the countries that make up the IDB.
The candidates are Ilan Goldfajn, former governor of the Central Bank of Brazil and until now head of the Western Hemisphere Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF); former Minister of Finance and Education of Chile Nicolás Eyzaguirre and Gerardo Esquivel, Deputy Governor of the Bank of Mexico (Banxico).
Cecilia Todesca from Argentina
Completing the list is from ArgentinaCecilia Todesca, former Deputy Chief of Staff and, on Trinidad and Tobago's side, Gerard Johnson, a former IDB official who now works as a consultant to the Jamaican Ministry of Finance.
To be the winner, one of them must obtain a majority of the vote of the member countries, whose power varies according to the number of shares owned by each member of the IDB's ordinary capital. The United States has the largest voting capacity, 30%, followed by Argentina and Brazil with 11.3% and Mexico, with 7.2%.
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In addition, it must also have the support of at least 15 of the 28 countries in the region.
According to the regulations for the election of the bank, if during the first voting session no candidate receives the established majority of votes, successive sessions will be held.
Thus, the first vote will be repeated and If there is no winner in the second round, a third round will be repeated with the three candidates with the highest number of votes. If this is not achieved either, there will be a fourth vote with the two candidates who obtain the most votes.
Even so, a scenario could come true, that neither of the two final candidates achieved the indicated majority in the fourth ballot.
The winner, who is elected for a period of five years (and with the possibility of being re-elected once), will replace the American of Cuban origin Mauricio Claver-Carone (AFP/File)
In this case, the President of the Board of Governors (Honduran Queen Irene Mejía, replacing Claver-Carone) will determine, in consultation with its members, the procedures that must be followed subsequently.
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The winner, who is elected for a term of five years(and with the possibility of being re-elected once), will replace the Cuban-American Mauricio Claver-Carone, who was expelled from the institution after an investigation showed that he had had an affair with a subordinate , whose salary was raised several times.
Leaving this issue behind and recovering the prestige of the development bank is therefore one of the main objectives of the candidates, as they have explained in recent days at various events in which they have participated presenting their candidacy.
“What we have to do is, first of all, rebuild trust and I believe that this has to happen through dialogue and respect”, pointed out Gerardo Esquivel, the candidate presented by Mexico in a virtual forum organized by the Center for Global Development.
At the same event, the Brazilian candidate, Ilan Goldfajn, indicated that what is most necessary is to make the IDB “return to being the most important multilateral institution in the region” and for this “strong leadership” is necessary, at a time when “morale is low” in the institution.
The IDB is the main source of financing for the development of Latin America and the Caribbean and offers p loans, donations and technical assistance to countries. Of the total of 48 members, 26 of them are borrowers.
(With information from EFE)
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