Sat. Dec 9th, 2023

Face-à- face between Biden and Xi in a tense global context

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Xi Jinping and Joe Biden met last time on November 14, 2022 in Bali, Indonesia. They had talked for three hours.

  • Azeb Wolde-Giorghis (View profile)Azeb Wolde-Giorghis

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US President Joe Biden , and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, are scheduled to meet Wednesday on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in San Francisco. Xi Jinping's last visit to the United States was in 2017 to Mar-a-Lago, the Florida residence of then-president Donald Trump.

Since then, there has been the pandemic, the war in Ukraine and the conflict in the Middle East, and Sino-American relations have never been so tense.

As this one-on-one approach, the two leaders agreed on the importance of maintaining good communication . After all, they run the two largest economic powers in the world.

Today, we want to rebuild the bridges, says the American national security advisor, Jake Sullivan, or at the very least reestablish the channels of communication between the two countries. Their last meeting took place in Bali, on the sidelines of the G20, in November 2022, where the two leaders were able to discuss for three hours; they haven't spoken since. The affair of the Chinese spy balloon flying over Montana in February 2023, shot down by the American defense, has cooled relations between the two countries. Secretary of State Antony Blinken then canceled his planned official visit to Beijing. Communications between the Secretary of Defense and his Chinese counterpart have also been broken down.

China remains the United States' greatest long-term strategic challenge. United.

The two men have known each other since 2011. At the time, Joe Biden was on an official visit to Beijing, as vice-president, and Xi Jinping was number two in the Chinese Communist Party.

They have a complex and competitive relationship that can easily turn into conflict or confrontation, so we have to manage that relationship in an effective way. This is the president's greatest responsibility.

A quote from US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan

The meeting between the two leaders is scheduled for 11 a.m. and is expected to last four hours. On the menu: the conflict in the Middle East, the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the question of Taiwan, artificial intelligence and the fentanyl crisis.

According to a senior American official, we want to encourage responsible competition between the two countries which must not turn into conflict. The White House national security adviser spoke Monday of intense diplomacy.

The White House prides itself on having strengthened its relations among others with Japan, Australia, India, and Narendra Modi was received with great fanfare in Washington in September. According to Jake Sullivan, President Biden will present his vision of peace and stability on the Taiwan Strait.

On Iran, with whom China has a strategic cooperation pact, Washington would like Beijing to put pressure on a de-escalation of violence in the Middle East.

On the issue of fentanyl, an agreement could be signed during this summit to promote more cooperation between the two countries and establish a joint working group to tackle the problem.

San Francisco, the host city of the APEC summit, has an average of two deaths per day linked to fentanyl overdose. /p>Open in full screen mode

Near the Convention Center where the APEC summit is being held, high fences separating the sidewalks from the street have been installed.< /p>

As this APEC summit takes place, San Francisco is unrecognizable. The city has transformed into a real fortress. Around the Moscone Convention Center, high fences have been installed to separate the sidewalks from the street. The hundreds of homeless people who had taken shelter there disappeared.

Most streets are closed, and only police and dignitaries can circulate there. But what is happening? asked a young passerby on Tuesday, near the Congress Center. I have to walk three blocks to cross the street.

Security services are on alert, because we want to avoid any excesses.

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A high level of security outside the Moscone Convention Center, which is hosting the APEC summit.

China remains one of the few points of convergence between Democrats and Republicans.

According to Republican Mike Gallagher, who heads the bipartisan committee on the Chinese Communist Party, China is the greatest geopolitical threat in U.S. history.

The Five Eyes countries, which bring together the intelligence and national security services of the United States, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom and Australia accuse Beijing of stealing intellectual property and using artificial intelligence to spy on nations.

In 2011, Joe Biden described Xi Jinping as someone who doesn't have an ounce of democracy in him. The American president reportedly told him at the time that the United States can be summed up in one word: possibilities.

The two leaders will have the opportunity to improve their relationship so that at least, in the next crisis, the channels communication are restored.

  • Azeb Wolde- Giorghis (View profile)Azeb Wolde-GiorghisFollow

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