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According to experts, certain batteries designed in Canada will be found in cars sold in the country, but these components will mainly be sold elsewhere in the world.< /p>Radio-Canada

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Electric cars will be more and more numerous on Canadian roads in the coming years. Experts believe that domestically produced electric batteries could power cars in Canada, but will mainly serve the global market.

Ottawa's announcement that all cars on sale by 2035 must be electric comes as three battery factories are under construction in the country: the Ontario factories of Stellantis and LG in Windsor and Volkswagen in St. Thomas, as well as the Northvolt factory, on the South Shore of Montreal.

The NextStar factory — a company created by Stellantis and LG — is currently being built at 30% and will be ready for operation in the first quarter of 2023.

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Canadians have a good chance of eventually having and being able to drive a vehicle that will have a Canadian battery, analyzes Yan Cimon, professor of strategy at the Faculty of Administration Sciences at Laval University.

The Stellantis battery factory

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The Stellantis battery factory

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Professor Cimon says, however, that domestically designed batteries are intended for supply chains that are much broader than just Canadian ones.

Many of these batteries will be used to green transport everywhere else in the world.

A quote from Yan Cimon, professor of strategy at the Faculty of administrative sciences from Laval University

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The Stellantis battery plant in Windsor, seen here in June, is now 30% built.

According to McMaster University manufacturing professor Greig Mordue, a former executive at Toyota Canada, there is no direct link between the presence of battery factories and the sale of electric vehicles in Canada.

Similarly, approximately 90% of vehicles assembled in Canada are sold in the United States , I expect a similar proportion of batteries to be part of vehicles assembled and sold in the United States.

A quote from Greig Mordue, a professor of manufacturing at McMaster University

Sheldon Williamson, a professor at Ontario Tech University and the holder of the Canada research chair in electricity storage systems for the electrification of transport, affirms that the production of electric batteries is a positive step towards the objective of selling mainly electric vehicles.

If batteries are designed locally, it could reduce the industry's reliance on imports, says Professor Williamson.

According to Yan Cimon, Canada could still become an indispensable link in the global automobile industry thanks to battery factories.

We are one of the only countries that can claim to possibly control the end-to-end chain, from the extraction of critical minerals to their manufacture in batteries to their insertion into vehicles, says the Professor Cimon.

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The Ontario government wants to exploit the Ring of Fire region in Northern Ontario, which is rich in minerals.

One ​​of the Ford government's flagship projects in Ontario is the exploitation of the Ring of Fire, a region in the north of the province often rich in minerals used in the manufacturing of batteries for electric vehicles.

Louise Leduc, the policy director of the Electric Mobility Canada association, believes that Batteries designed here will not be completely exported.

We need to see automobile manufacturing as a North American industry, she says.

< p class="StyledBodyHtmlParagraph-sc-48221190-4 hnvfyV">With information from Michel Bolduc and Jérémie Bergeron

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