Elections in Ecuador: the electoral ban and the dry law began prior to the referendum on Sunday

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Citizens may not sell or consume alcoholic beverages, while candidates may not hold rallies or disseminate propaganda through traditional media

< img class="aligncenter" src="/wp-content/uploads/2023/02/elections-in-ecuador-began-the-electoral-veda-and-the-dry-law-prior-to-the-referendum-of- domingo-af1e20f.jpg" alt="Elections in Ecuador: the electoral ban and the dry law began prior to the referendum on Sunday" />

By

Yalilé LoaizaFrom Quito

Elections in Ecuador: the electoral ban and the dry law began prior to the Sunday referendum

From Friday the 3rd to Monday the 6th of February, Ecuadorians will not be able to sell or consume alcoholic beverages for the election day of next Sunday.

Ecuador is preparing for the subnational elections and the referendum that will be voted on on February 5. The restrictions, which are part of the measures to ensure that election day is peaceful, began last midnight.

The electoral silence, which implies that candidates for any dignity, including movements and organizations that promote any of the referendum options, must refrain from campaigning or issuing any type of political propaganda through the traditional media or meetings such as rallies. The restriction extends until 5:00 p.m. on Sunday, February 5, when the polls close, but it does not apply to digital platforms, which means that candidates can post messages on social networks, for example.

One ​​of the restrictions that apply to citizens is the prohibition of consuming alcoholic beverages during the entire election weekend. This measure is known as the dry law and includes a prohibition on the sale, distribution and consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Elections in Ecuador: the electoral ban and the dry law began prior to the referendum on Sunday

Ecuadorians will vote this Sunday for local authorities and for the referendum promoted by the central government. (EFE/Robert Puglla/Archive)

In accordance with article 123 of the Code of Democracy, as the regulations that contain the electoral rules are called, the restriction on alcoholic beverages will begin 36 hours before the voting and up to 12 hours after election day. In other words, from noon on this Friday, February 3, until noon on Monday, February 6, citizens must abide by the dry law.

In the event that someone does not comply with this prohibition, whether selling or voting while intoxicated, will be penalized with half of a basic remuneration, equivalent to USD 225. However, for businesses that sell this product during dry law, the closure of the premises will be added as a penalty.

What Ecuadorians will vote on Sunday

On Sunday, Ecuadorians will go to the polls to elect prefects and vice prefects for the 24 provinces of the country, mayors and b>councillors, urban and rural, for the 221 municipalities. In rural areas, citizens will also elect the members of the parish councils, which total 4,109 nationally.

Elections in Ecuador: the electoral ban and the dry law began prior to the referendum on Sunday

Prisoners without an enforceable conviction voted on February 2 in 36 prisons in the country.

The compatriots residing in the country, as well as the Ecuadorians residing abroad, will vote for 7 counselors for the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control, a state entity that oversees citizen oversight and designates control authorities. They will also vote for a Yes or No vote on the eight questions of the referendum promoted by the government of Guillermo Lasso, with priority constitutional amendments for the Executive.

< p class="paragraph">In total, Ecuadorians in urban areas will receive seven ballotsto elect the different dignitaries. In rural areas, voters will receive eight. Abroad, 97,100 of the 409,250 Ecuadorian migrants will be able to exercise their right to vote electronically, in 52 electoral zones. While the rest must go to the embassies and consulates of Ecuador, where they will receive two ballot papers.

Ecuadorians between the ages of 18 and 65 years are obligated to vote.

Elections in Ecuador: the electoral ban and the dry law began prior to the referendum on Sunday

On Friday, February 3, people with disabilities who took advantage of their right to vote voted from their homes in front of state officials and international observers.

However, Ecuadorians aged 16 and 17, over 65 years of age, residents abroad, acting members of the Armed Forces and the National Police, prisoners b> whose conviction has not been finalized, persons with disabilities, illiterate persons and foreigners from the age of 18 years old who have legally resided in Ecuador for at least five years and are registered in the electoral roll, will be able to vote this February 5, although their vote is optional.

As on other occasions, two days of early voting were held, the first, which took place on February 2, included the vote of persons deprived of liberty without an enforceable conviction, with 573 participants. This Friday, February 3, the officials of the National Electoral Council together with the international observers who are already in the country, began the day of voting at home, aimed at people with disabilities.

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